最新发布的Jar包


A set of pre-made store implementations for Discord4J
2019-04-21 14:00:33

A set of pre-made store implementations for Discord4J
2019-04-21 14:00:25

A set of pre-made store implementations for Discord4J
2019-04-21 14:00:18

A set of pre-made store implementations for Discord4J
2019-04-21 14:00:11

2019-04-21 13:58:39

SemanticCMS newsfeeds in a JSP environment.
2019-04-21 13:58:11

Documentation for ${documented.name} in SemanticCMS format.
2019-04-21 13:48:09

JVM implementation of the consumer driven contract library pact.
2019-04-21 13:41:51

SemanticCMS newsfeeds in a Servlet environment.
2019-04-21 13:37:42

Pact Specification ================== The [Pact Specification](https://github.com/bethesque/pact_specification) is a robust set of tests on the pact matching code aimed at ensuring pact library implementations across different languages have the same matching behaviour. Without adhering to these specifications there would be room for subtle issues to arise between consumers and providers using different libraries.
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# pact-jvm-support Support module with common utilities
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Ars framework annotation
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Pact server =========== The pact server is a stand-alone interactions recorder and verifier, aimed at clients that are non-JVM or non-Ruby based. The pact client for that platform will need to be implemented, but it only be responsible for generating the `JSON` interactions, running the tests and communicating with the server. The server implements a `JSON` `REST` Admin API with the following endpoints. / -> For diagnostics, currently returns a list of ports of the running mock servers. /create -> For initialising a test server and submitting the JSON interactions. It returns a port /complete -> For finalising and verifying the interactions with the server. It writes the `JSON` pact file to disk. ## Running the server ### Versions 2.2.6+ Pact server takes the following parameters: ``` Usage: pact-jvm-server [options] [port] port port to run on (defaults to 29999) --help prints this usage text -h <value> | --host <value> host to bind to (defaults to localhost) -l <value> | --mock-port-lower <value> lower bound to allocate mock ports (defaults to 20000) -u <value> | --mock-port-upper <value> upper bound to allocate mock ports (defaults to 40000) -d | --daemon run as a daemon process -v <value> | --pact-version <value> pact version to generate for (2 or 3) -k <value> | --keystore-path <value> Path to keystore -p <value> | --keystore-password <value> Keystore password -s <value> | --ssl-port <value> Ssl port the mock server should run on. lower and upper bounds are ignored --debug run with debug logging ``` ### Using trust store 3.4.0+ Trust store can be used. However, it is limited to a single port for the time being. ### Prior to version 2.2.6 Pact server takes one optional parameter, the port number to listen on. If not provided, it will listen on 29999. It requires an active console to run. ### Using a distribution archive You can download a [distribution from maven central](http://search.maven.org/remotecontent?filepath=au/com/dius/pact-jvm-server_2.11/2.2.4/). There is both a ZIP and TAR archive. Unpack it to a directory of choice and then run the script in the bin directory. ### Building a distribution bundle You can build an application bundle with gradle by running (for 2.11 version): $ ./gradlew :pact-jvm-server_2.11:installdist This will create an app bundle in `build/2.11/install/pact-jvm-server_2.11`. You can then execute it with: $ java -jar pact-jvm-server/build/2.10/install/pact-jvm-server_2.11/lib/pact-jvm-server_2.11-3.2.11.jar or with the generated bundle script file: $ pact-jvm-server/build/2.11/install/pact-jvm-server_2.11/bin/pact-jvm-server_2.11 By default will run on port `29999` but a port number can be optionally supplied. ### Running it with docker You can use a docker image to execute the mock server as a docker container. $ docker run -d -p 8080:8080 -p 20000-20010:20000-20010 uglyog/pact-jvm-server This will run the main server on port 8080, and each created mock server on ports 20000-20010. You can map the ports to any you require. ## Life cycle The following actions are expected to occur * The client calls `/create` to initialise a server with the expected `JSON` interactions and state * The admin server will start a mock server on a random port and return the port number in the response * The client will execute its interaction tests against the mock server with the supplied port * Once finished, the client will call `/complete' on the Admin API, posting the port number * The pact server will verify the interactions and write the `JSON` `pact` file to disk under `/target` * The mock server running on the supplied port will be shutdown. ## Endpoints ### /create The client will need `POST` to `/create` the generated `JSON` interactions, also providing a state as a query parameter and a path. For example: POST http://localhost:29999/create?state=NoUsers&path=/sub/ref/path '{ "provider": { "name": "Animal_Service"}, ... }' This will create a new running mock service provider on a randomly generated port. The port will be returned in the `201` response: { "port" : 34423 } But you can also reference the path from `/sub/ref/path` using the server port. The service will not strip the prefix path, but instead will use it as a differentiator. If your services do not have differences in the prefix of their path, then you will have to use the port method. ### /complete Once the client has finished running its tests against the mock server on the supplied port (in this example port `34423`) the client will need to `POST` to `/complete` the port number of the mock server that was used. For example: POST http://localhost:29999/complete '{ "port" : 34423 }' This will cause the Pact server to verify the interactions, shutdown the mock server running on that port and writing the pact `JSON` file to disk under the `target` directory. ### / The `/` endpoint is for diagnostics and to check that the pact server is running. It will return all the currently running mock servers port numbers. For example: GET http://localhost:29999/ '{ "ports": [23443,43232] }'
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Pact provider ============= sub project of https://github.com/DiUS/pact-jvm The pact provider is responsible for verifying that an API provider adheres to a number of pacts authored by its clients This library provides the basic tools required to automate the process, and should be usable on its own in many instances. Framework and build tool specific bindings will be provided in separate libraries that build on top of this core functionality. ### Provider State Before each interaction is executed, the provider under test will have the opportunity to enter a state. Generally the state maps to a set of fixture data for mocking out services that the provider is a consumer of (they will have their own pacts) The pact framework will instruct the test server to enter that state by sending: POST "${config.stateChangeUrl.url}/setup" { "state" : "${interaction.stateName}" } ### An example of running provider verification with junit This example uses Groovy, JUnit 4 and Hamcrest matchers to run the provider verification. As the provider service is a DropWizard application, it uses the DropwizardAppRule to startup the service before running any test. **Warning:** It only grabs the first interaction from the pact file with the consumer, where there could be many. (This could possibly be solved with a parameterized test) ```groovy class ReadmeExamplePactJVMProviderJUnitTest { @ClassRule public static TestRule startServiceRule = new DropwizardAppRule<DropwizardConfiguration>( TestDropwizardApplication.class, ResourceHelpers.resourceFilePath("dropwizard/test-config.yaml")) private static ProviderInfo serviceProvider private static Pact<RequestResponseInteraction> testConsumerPact private static ConsumerInfo consumer @BeforeClass static void setupProvider() { serviceProvider = new ProviderInfo("Dropwizard App") serviceProvider.setProtocol("http") serviceProvider.setHost("localhost") serviceProvider.setPort(8080) serviceProvider.setPath("/") consumer = new ConsumerInfo() consumer.setName("test_consumer") consumer.setPactSource(new UrlSource( ReadmeExamplePactJVMProviderJUnitTest.getResource("/pacts/zoo_app-animal_service.json").toString())) testConsumerPact = PactReader.loadPact(consumer.getPactSource()) as Pact<RequestResponseInteraction> } @Test void runConsumerPacts() { // grab the first interaction from the pact with consumer Interaction interaction = testConsumerPact.interactions.get(0) // setup the verifier ProviderVerifier verifier = setupVerifier(interaction, serviceProvider, consumer) // setup any provider state // setup the client and interaction to fire against the provider ProviderClient client = new ProviderClient(serviceProvider, new HttpClientFactory()) Map<String, Object> failures = new HashMap<>() verifier.verifyResponseFromProvider(serviceProvider, interaction, interaction.getDescription(), failures, client) if (!failures.isEmpty()) { verifier.displayFailures(failures) } // Assert all good assertThat(failures, is(empty())) } private ProviderVerifier setupVerifier(Interaction interaction, ProviderInfo provider, ConsumerInfo consumer) { ProviderVerifier verifier = new ProviderVerifier() verifier.initialiseReporters(provider) verifier.reportVerificationForConsumer(consumer, provider) if (!interaction.getProviderStates().isEmpty()) { for (ProviderState providerState: interaction.getProviderStates()) { verifier.reportStateForInteraction(providerState.getName(), provider, consumer, true) } } verifier.reportInteractionDescription(interaction) return verifier } } ``` ### An example of running provider verification with spock This example uses groovy and spock to run the provider verification. Again the provider service is a DropWizard application, and is using the DropwizardAppRule to startup the service. This example runs all interactions using spocks Unroll feature ```groovy class ReadmeExamplePactJVMProviderSpockSpec extends Specification { @ClassRule @Shared TestRule startServiceRule = new DropwizardAppRule<DropwizardConfiguration>(TestDropwizardApplication, ResourceHelpers.resourceFilePath('dropwizard/test-config.yaml')) @Shared ProviderInfo serviceProvider ProviderVerifier verifier def setupSpec() { serviceProvider = new ProviderInfo('Dropwizard App') serviceProvider.protocol = 'http' serviceProvider.host = 'localhost' serviceProvider.port = 8080 serviceProvider.path = '/' serviceProvider.hasPactWith('zoo_app') { pactSource = new FileSource(new File(ResourceHelpers.resourceFilePath('pacts/zoo_app-animal_service.json'))) } } def setup() { verifier = new ProviderVerifier() } def cleanup() { // cleanup provider state // ie. db.truncateAllTables() } def cleanupSpec() { // cleanup provider } @Unroll def "Provider Pact - With Consumer #consumer"() { expect: verifyConsumerPact(consumer).empty where: consumer << serviceProvider.consumers } private Map verifyConsumerPact(ConsumerInfo consumer) { Map failures = [:] verifier.initialiseReporters(serviceProvider) verifier.runVerificationForConsumer(failures, serviceProvider, consumer) if (!failures.empty) { verifier.displayFailures(failures) } failures } } ```
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# Pact Spring/JUnit runner ## Overview Library provides ability to play contract tests against a provider using Spring & JUnit. This library is based on and references the JUnit package, so see the [Pact JUnit 4](../pact-jvm-provider-junit) or [Pact JUnit 5](../pact-jvm-provider-junit5) providers for more details regarding configuration using JUnit. Supports: - Standard ways to load pacts from folders and broker - Easy way to change assertion strategy - Spring Test MockMVC Controllers and ControllerAdvice using MockMvc standalone setup. - MockMvc debugger output - Multiple @State runs to test a particular Provider State multiple times - **au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.State** custom annotation - before each interaction that requires a state change, all methods annotated by `@State` with appropriate the state listed will be invoked. **NOTE:** For publishing provider verification results to a pact broker, make sure the Java system property `pact.provider.version` is set with the version of your provider. ## Example of MockMvc test ```java @RunWith(RestPactRunner.class) // Custom pact runner, child of PactRunner which runs only REST tests @Provider("myAwesomeService") // Set up name of tested provider @PactFolder("pacts") // Point where to find pacts (See also section Pacts source in documentation) public class ContractTest { //Create an instance of your controller. We cannot autowire this as we're not using (and don't want to use) a Spring test runner. @InjectMocks private AwesomeController awesomeController = new AwesomeController(); //Mock your service logic class. We'll use this to create scenarios for respective provider states. @Mock private AwesomeBusinessLogic awesomeBusinessLogic; //Create an instance of your controller advice (if you have one). This will be passed to the MockMvcTarget constructor to be wired up with MockMvc. @InjectMocks private AwesomeControllerAdvice awesomeControllerAdvice = new AwesomeControllerAdvice(); //Create a new instance of the MockMvcTarget and annotate it as the TestTarget for PactRunner @TestTarget public final MockMvcTarget target = new MockMvcTarget(); @Before //Method will be run before each test of interaction public void before() { //initialize your mocks using your mocking framework MockitoAnnotations.initMocks(this); //configure the MockMvcTarget with your controller and controller advice target.setControllers(awesomeController); target.setControllerAdvice(awesomeControllerAdvice); } @State("default", "no-data") // Method will be run before testing interactions that require "default" or "no-data" state public void toDefaultState() { target.setRunTimes(3); //let's loop through this state a few times for a 3 data variants when(awesomeBusinessLogic.getById(any(UUID.class))) .thenReturn(myTestHelper.generateRandomReturnData(UUID.randomUUID(), ExampleEnum.ONE)) .thenReturn(myTestHelper.generateRandomReturnData(UUID.randomUUID(), ExampleEnum.TWO)) .thenReturn(myTestHelper.generateRandomReturnData(UUID.randomUUID(), ExampleEnum.THREE)); } @State("error-case") public void SingleUploadExistsState_Success() { target.setRunTimes(1); //tell the runner to only loop one time for this state //you might want to throw exceptions to be picked off by your controller advice when(awesomeBusinessLogic.getById(any(UUID.class))) .then(i -> { throw new NotCoolException(i.getArgumentAt(0, UUID.class).toString()); }); } } ``` ## Using a Spring runner (version 3.5.7+) You can use `SpringRestPactRunner` instead of the default Pact runner to use the Spring test annotations. This will allow you to inject or mock spring beans. For example: ```java @RunWith(SpringRestPactRunner.class) @Provider("pricing") @PactBroker(protocol = "https", host = "${pactBrokerHost}", port = "443", authentication = @PactBrokerAuth(username = "${pactBrokerUser}", password = "${pactBrokerPassword}")) @SpringBootTest(webEnvironment = SpringBootTest.WebEnvironment.DEFINED_PORT) public class PricingServiceProviderPactTest { @MockBean private ProductClient productClient; // This will replace the bean with a mock in the application context @TestTarget @SuppressWarnings(value = "VisibilityModifier") public final Target target = new HttpTarget(8091); @State("Product X010000021 exists") public void setupProductX010000021() throws IOException { reset(productClient); ProductBuilder product = new ProductBuilder() .withProductCode("X010000021"); when(productClient.fetch((Set<String>) argThat(contains("X010000021")), any())).thenReturn(product); } @State("the product code X00001 can be priced") public void theProductCodeX00001CanBePriced() throws IOException { reset(productClient); ProductBuilder product = new ProductBuilder() .withProductCode("X00001"); when(productClient.find((Set<String>) argThat(contains("X00001")), any())).thenReturn(product); } } ``` ### Using Spring Context Properties (version 3.5.14+) From version 3.5.14 onwards, the SpringRestPactRunner will look up any annotation expressions (like `${pactBrokerHost}`) above) from the Spring context. For Springboot, this will allow you to define the properties in the application test properties. For instance, if you create the following `application.yml` in the test resources: ```yaml pactbroker: host: "your.broker.local" port: "443" protocol: "https" auth: username: "<your broker username>" password: "<your broker password>" ``` Then you can use the defaults on the `@PactBroker` annotation. ```java @RunWith(SpringRestPactRunner.class) @Provider("My Service") @PactBroker( authentication = @PactBrokerAuth(username = "${pactbroker.auth.username}", password = "${pactbroker.auth.password}") ) @SpringBootTest(webEnvironment = SpringBootTest.WebEnvironment.RANDOM_PORT) public class PactVerificationTest { ``` ### Using a random port with a Springboot test (version 3.5.14+) If you use a random port in a springboot test (by setting `SpringBootTest.WebEnvironment.RANDOM_PORT`), you can use the `SpringBootHttpTarget` which will get the application port from the spring application context. For example: ```java @RunWith(SpringRestPactRunner.class) @Provider("My Service") @PactBroker @SpringBootTest(webEnvironment = SpringBootTest.WebEnvironment.RANDOM_PORT) public class PactVerificationTest { @TestTarget public final Target target = new SpringBootHttpTarget(); } ```
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pact-jvm-provider-specs2 ======================== Provides an extension to Specs2 Specification to validate a pact file against a running provider. See [ExampleProviderSpec.scala](pact-jvm-provider-specs2/src/test/scala/au/com/dius/pact/provider/specs2/ExampleProviderSpec.scala) for an example. *Note:* The Pact ProviderSpec requires spec2 3.x
2019-04-21 13:19:38

pact-jvm-provider-scalatest ======================== Provides an extension to scalatest to validate pact files against a running provider. See [examples](src/test/scala/au/com/dius/pact/provider/scalatest) for details. *Note:* The Pact ProviderSpec requires scalatest 2.2.x
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RocksDB fat jar that contains .so files for linux32 and linux64, jnilib files for Mac OSX, and a .dll for Windows x64.
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Scala Support classes =====================
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Maven plugin to verify a provider ================================= Maven plugin for verifying pacts against a provider. The Maven plugin provides a `verify` goal which will verify all configured pacts against your provider. ## To Use It ### 1. Add the pact-jvm-provider-maven plugin to your `build` section of your pom file. ```xml <build> [...] <plugins> [...] <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> </plugin> [...] </plugins> [...] </build> ``` ### 2. Define the pacts between your consumers and providers You define all the providers and consumers within the configuration element of the maven plugin. ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <!-- You can define as many as you need, but each must have a unique name --> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <!-- All the provider properties are optional, and have sensible defaults (shown below) --> <protocol>http</protocol> <host>localhost</host> <port>8080</port> <path>/</path> <consumers> <!-- Again, you can define as many consumers for each provider as you need, but each must have a unique name --> <consumer> <name>consumer1</name> <!-- currently supports a file path using pactFile or a URL using pactUrl --> <pactFile>path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json</pactFile> </consumer> </consumers> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` ### 3. Execute `mvn pact:verify` You will have to have your provider running for this to pass. ## Verifying all pact files in a directory for a provider You can specify a directory that contains pact files, and the Pact plugin will scan for all pact files that match that provider and define a consumer for each pact file in the directory. Consumer name is read from contents of pact file. ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <!-- You can define as many as you need, but each must have a unique name --> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <!-- All the provider properties are optional, and have sensible defaults (shown below) --> <protocol>http</protocol> <host>localhost</host> <port>8080</port> <path>/</path> <pactFileDirectory>path/to/pacts</pactFileDirectory> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` ### Verifying all pact files from multiple directories for a provider [3.5.18+] If you want to specify multiple directories, you can use `pactFileDirectories`. The plugin will only fail the build if no pact files are loaded after processing all the directories in the list. ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.18</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <pactFileDirectories> <pactFileDirectory>path/to/pacts1</pactFileDirectory> <pactFileDirectory>path/to/pacts2</pactFileDirectory> </pactFileDirectories> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` ## Enabling insecure SSL For providers that are running on SSL with self-signed certificates, you need to enable insecure SSL mode by setting `<insecure>true</insecure>` on the provider. ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <pactFileDirectory>path/to/pacts</pactFileDirectory> <insecure>true</insecure> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` ## Specifying a custom trust store For environments that are running their own certificate chains: ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <pactFileDirectory>path/to/pacts</pactFileDirectory> <trustStore>relative/path/to/trustStore.jks</trustStore> <trustStorePassword>changeit</trustStorePassword> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` `trustStore` is either relative to the current working (build) directory. `trustStorePassword` defaults to `changeit`. NOTE: The hostname will still be verified against the certificate. ## Modifying the requests before they are sent Sometimes you may need to add things to the requests that can't be persisted in a pact file. Examples of these would be authentication tokens, which have a small life span. The Pact Maven plugin provides a request filter that can be set to a Groovy script on the provider that will be called before the request is made. This script will receive the HttpRequest bound to a variable named `request` prior to it being executed. ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <requestFilter> // This is a Groovy script that adds an Authorization header to each request request.addHeader('Authorization', 'oauth-token eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsIm...') </requestFilter> <consumers> <consumer> <name>consumer1</name> <pactFile>path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json</pactFile> </consumer> </consumers> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` __*Important Note:*__ You should only use this feature for things that can not be persisted in the pact file. By modifying the request, you are potentially modifying the contract from the consumer tests! ## Modifying the HTTP Client Used The default HTTP client is used for all requests to providers (created with a call to `HttpClients.createDefault()`). This can be changed by specifying a closure assigned to createClient on the provider that returns a CloseableHttpClient. For example: ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <createClient> // This is a Groovy script that will enable the client to accept self-signed certificates import org.apache.http.ssl.SSLContextBuilder import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.NoopHostnameVerifier import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients HttpClients.custom().setSSLHostnameVerifier(new NoopHostnameVerifier()) .setSslcontext(new SSLContextBuilder().loadTrustMaterial(null, { x509Certificates, s -> true }) .build()) .build() </createClient> <consumers> <consumer> <name>consumer1</name> <pactFile>path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json</pactFile> </consumer> </consumers> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` ## Turning off URL decoding of the paths in the pact file By default the paths loaded from the pact file will be decoded before the request is sent to the provider. To turn this behaviour off, set the system property `pact.verifier.disableUrlPathDecoding` to `true`. __*Important Note:*__ If you turn off the url path decoding, you need to ensure that the paths in the pact files are correctly encoded. The verifier will not be able to make a request with an invalid encoded path. ## Plugin Properties The following plugin properties can be specified with `-Dproperty=value` on the command line or in the configuration section: |Property|Description| |--------|-----------| |pact.showStacktrace|This turns on stacktrace printing for each request. It can help with diagnosing network errors| |pact.showFullDiff|This turns on displaying the full diff of the expected versus actual bodies| |pact.filter.consumers|Comma separated list of consumer names to verify| |pact.filter.description|Only verify interactions whose description match the provided regular expression| |pact.filter.providerState|Only verify interactions whose provider state match the provided regular expression. An empty string matches interactions that have no state| |pact.verifier.publishResults|Publishing of verification results will be skipped unless this property is set to 'true' [version 3.5.18+]| |pact.matching.wildcard|Enables matching of map values ignoring the keys when this property is set to 'true'| Example in the configuration section: ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <consumers> <consumer> <name>consumer1</name> <pactFile>path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json</pactFile> </consumer> </consumers> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> <configuration> <pact.showStacktrace>true</pact.showStacktrace> </configuration> </configuration> </plugin> ``` ## Provider States For each provider you can specify a state change URL to use to switch the state of the provider. This URL will receive the providerState description and parameters from the pact file before each interaction via a POST. The stateChangeUsesBody controls if the state is passed in the request body or as query parameters. These values can be set at the provider level, or for a specific consumer. Consumer values take precedent if both are given. ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <stateChangeUrl>http://localhost:8080/tasks/pactStateChange</stateChangeUrl> <stateChangeUsesBody>false</stateChangeUsesBody> <!-- defaults to true --> <consumers> <consumer> <name>consumer1</name> <pactFile>path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json</pactFile> <stateChangeUrl>http://localhost:8080/tasks/pactStateChangeForConsumer1</stateChangeUrl> <stateChangeUsesBody>false</stateChangeUsesBody> <!-- defaults to true --> </consumer> </consumers> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` If the `stateChangeUsesBody` is not specified, or is set to true, then the provider state description and parameters will be sent as JSON in the body of the request. If it is set to false, they will passed as query parameters. As for normal requests (see Modifying the requests before they are sent), a state change request can be modified before it is sent. Set `stateChangeRequestFilter` to a Groovy script on the provider that will be called before the request is made. #### Teardown calls for state changes You can enable teardown state change calls by setting the property `<stateChangeTeardown>true</stateChangeTeardown>` on the provider. This will add an `action` parameter to the state change call. The setup call before the test will receive `action=setup`, and then a teardown call will be made afterwards to the state change URL with `action=teardown`. ## Verifying pact files from a pact broker You can setup your build to validate against the pacts stored in a pact broker. The pact plugin will query the pact broker for all consumers that have a pact with the provider based on its name. To use it, just configure the `pactBrokerUrl` or `pactBroker` value for the provider with the base URL to the pact broker. For example: ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <stateChangeUrl>http://localhost:8080/tasks/pactStateChange</stateChangeUrl> <pactBrokerUrl>http://pact-broker:5000/</pactBrokerUrl> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` ### Verifying pacts from an authenticated pact broker If your pact broker requires authentication (basic authentication is only supported), you can configure the username and password to use by configuring the `authentication` element of the `pactBroker` element of your provider. For example: ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <stateChangeUrl>http://localhost:8080/tasks/pactStateChange</stateChangeUrl> <pactBroker> <url>http://pactbroker:1234</url> <authentication> <username>test</username> <password>test</password> </authentication> </pactBroker> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` #### Using the Maven servers configuration [version 3.5.6+] From version 3.5.6, you can use the servers setup in the Maven settings. To do this, setup a server as per the [Maven Server Settings](https://maven.apache.org/settings.html#Servers). Then set the server ID in the pact broker configuration in your POM. ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.6</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <stateChangeUrl>http://localhost:8080/tasks/pactStateChange</stateChangeUrl> <pactBroker> <url>http://pactbroker:1234</url> <serverId>test-pact-broker</serverId> <!-- This must match the server id in the maven settings --> </pactBroker> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` ### Verifying pacts from an pact broker that match particular tags If your pacts in your pact broker have been tagged, you can set the tags to fetch by configuring the `tags` element of the `pactBroker` element of your provider. For example: ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>provider1</name> <stateChangeUrl>http://localhost:8080/tasks/pactStateChange</stateChangeUrl> <pactBroker> <url>http://pactbroker:1234</url> <tags> <tag>TEST</tag> <tag>DEV</tag> </tags> </pactBroker> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` This example will fetch and validate the pacts for the TEST and DEV tags. ## Filtering the interactions that are verified You can filter the interactions that are run using three properties: `pact.filter.consumers`, `pact.filter.description` and `pact.filter.providerState`. Adding `-Dpact.filter.consumers=consumer1,consumer2` to the command line or configuration section will only run the pact files for those consumers (consumer1 and consumer2). Adding `-Dpact.filter.description=a request for payment.*` will only run those interactions whose descriptions start with 'a request for payment'. `-Dpact.filter.providerState=.*payment` will match any interaction that has a provider state that ends with payment, and `-Dpact.filter.providerState=` will match any interaction that does not have a provider state. ## Not failing the build if no pact files are found [version 3.5.19+] By default, if there are no pact files to verify, the plugin will raise an exception. This is to guard against false positives where the build is passing but nothing has been verified due to mis-configuration. To disable this behaviour, set the `failIfNoPactsFound` parameter to `false`. # Verifying a message provider The Maven plugin has been updated to allow invoking test methods that can return the message contents from a message producer. To use it, set the way to invoke the verification to `ANNOTATED_METHOD`. This will allow the pact verification task to scan for test methods that return the message contents. Add something like the following to your maven pom file: ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>messageProvider</name> <verificationType>ANNOTATED_METHOD</verificationType> <!-- packagesToScan is optional, but leaving it out will result in the entire test classpath being scanned. Set it to the packages where your annotated test method can be found. --> <packagesToScan> <packageToScan>au.com.example.messageprovider.*</packageToScan> </packagesToScan> <consumers> <consumer> <name>consumer1</name> <pactFile>path/to/messageprovider-consumer1-pact.json</pactFile> </consumer> </consumers> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> </configuration> </plugin> ``` Now when the pact verify task is run, will look for methods annotated with `@PactVerifyProvider` in the test classpath that have a matching description to what is in the pact file. ```groovy class ConfirmationKafkaMessageBuilderTest { @PactVerifyProvider('an order confirmation message') String verifyMessageForOrder() { Order order = new Order() order.setId(10000004) order.setExchange('ASX') order.setSecurityCode('CBA') order.setPrice(BigDecimal.TEN) order.setUnits(15) order.setGst(new BigDecimal('15.0')) odrer.setFees(BigDecimal.TEN) def message = new ConfirmationKafkaMessageBuilder() .withOrder(order) .build() JsonOutput.toJson(message) } } ``` It will then validate that the returned contents matches the contents for the message in the pact file. ## Changing the class path that is scanned By default, the test classpath is scanned for annotated methods. You can override this by setting the `classpathElements` property: ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <serviceProviders> <serviceProvider> <name>messageProvider</name> <verificationType>ANNOTATED_METHOD</verificationType> <consumers> <consumer> <name>consumer1</name> <pactFile>path/to/messageprovider-consumer1-pact.json</pactFile> </consumer> </consumers> </serviceProvider> </serviceProviders> <classpathElements> <classpathElement> build/classes/test </classpathElement> </classpathElements> </configuration> </plugin> ``` # Publishing pact files to a pact broker The pact maven plugin provides a `publish` mojo that can publish all pact files in a directory to a pact broker. To use it, you need to add a publish configuration to the POM that defines the directory where the pact files are and the URL to the pact broker. For example: ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <pactDirectory>path/to/pact/files</pactDirectory> <!-- Defaults to ${project.build.directory}/pacts --> <pactBrokerUrl>http://pactbroker:1234</pactBrokerUrl> <projectVersion>1.0.100</projectVersion> <!-- Defaults to ${project.version} --> <trimSnapshot>true</trimSnapshot> <!-- Defaults to false --> </configuration> </plugin> ``` You can now execute `mvn pact:publish` to publish the pact files. _NOTE:_ The pact broker requires a version for all published pacts. The `publish` task will use the version of the project by default, but can be overwritten with the `projectVersion` property. Make sure you have set one otherwise the broker will reject the pact files. _NOTE_: By default, the pact broker has issues parsing `SNAPSHOT` versions. You can configure the publisher to automatically remove `-SNAPSHOT` from your version number by setting `trimSnapshot` to true. This setting does not modify non-snapshot versions. You can set any tags that the pacts should be published with by setting the `tags` list property (version 3.5.12+). A common use of this is setting the tag to the current source control branch. This supports using pact with feature branches. ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.12</version> <configuration> <pactDirectory>path/to/pact/files</pactDirectory> <!-- Defaults to ${project.build.directory}/pacts --> <pactBrokerUrl>http://pactbroker:1234</pactBrokerUrl> <projectVersion>1.0.100</projectVersion> <!-- Defaults to ${project.version} --> <tags> <tag>feature/feature_name</tag> </tags> </configuration> </plugin> ``` ## Publishing to an authenticated pact broker For an authenticated pact broker, you can pass in the credentials with the `pactBrokerUsername` and `pactBrokerPassword` properties. Currently it only supports basic authentication. For example: ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.11</version> <configuration> <pactBrokerUrl>http://pactbroker:1234</pactBrokerUrl> <pactBrokerUsername>USERNAME</pactBrokerUsername> <pactBrokerPassword>PASSWORD</pactBrokerPassword> </configuration> </plugin> ``` #### Using the Maven servers configuration [version 3.5.6+] From version 3.5.6, you can use the servers setup in the Maven settings. To do this, setup a server as per the [Maven Server Settings](https://maven.apache.org/settings.html#Servers). Then set the server ID in the pact broker configuration in your POM. ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.11</artifactId> <version>3.5.19</version> <configuration> <pactBrokerUrl>http://pactbroker:1234</pactBrokerUrl> <pactBrokerServerId>test-pact-broker</pactBrokerServerId> <!-- This must match the server id in the maven settings --> </configuration> </plugin> ``` ## Excluding pacts from being published [version 3.5.19+] You can exclude some of the pact files from being published by providing a list of regular expressions that match against the base names of the pact files. For example: ```groovy pact { publish { pactBrokerUrl = 'https://mypactbroker.com' excludes = [ '.*\\-\\d+$' ] // exclude all pact files that end with a dash followed by a number in the name } } ``` ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.19</version> <configuration> <pactBrokerUrl>http://pactbroker:1234</pactBrokerUrl> <excludes> <exclude>.*\\-\\d+$</exclude> <!-- exclude pact files where the name ends in a dash followed by a number --> </excludes> </configuration> </plugin> ``` # Publishing verification results to a Pact Broker [version 3.5.4+] For pacts that are loaded from a Pact Broker, the results of running the verification can be published back to the broker against the URL for the pact. You will be able to then see the result on the Pact Broker home screen. To turn on the verification publishing, set the system property `pact.verifier.publishResults` to `true` in the pact maven plugin, not surefire, configuration. # Enabling other verification reports [version 3.5.20+] By default the verification report is written to the console. You can also enable a JSON or Markdown report by setting the `reports` configuration list. ```xml <plugin> <groupId>au.com.dius</groupId> <artifactId>pact-jvm-provider-maven_2.12</artifactId> <version>3.5.20</version> <configuration> <reports> <report>console</report> <report>json</report> <report>markdown</report> </reports> </configuration> </plugin> ``` These reports will be written to `target/reports/pact`.
2019-04-21 13:18:10

# Leiningen plugin to verify a provider [version 2.2.14+, 3.0.3+] Leiningen plugin for verifying pacts against a provider. The plugin provides a `pact-verify` task which will verify all configured pacts against your provider. ## To Use It ### 1. Add the plugin to your project plugins, preferably in it's own profile. ```clojure :profiles { :pact { :plugins [[au.com.dius/pact-jvm-provider-lein_2.11 "3.2.11" :exclusions [commons-logging]]] :dependencies [[ch.qos.logback/logback-core "1.1.3"] [ch.qos.logback/logback-classic "1.1.3"] [org.apache.httpcomponents/httpclient "4.4.1"]] }}} ``` ### 2. Define the pacts between your consumers and providers You define all the providers and consumers within the `:pact` configuration element of your project. ```clojure :pact { :service-providers { ; You can define as many as you need, but each must have a unique name :provider1 { ; All the provider properties are optional, and have sensible defaults (shown below) :protocol "http" :host "localhost" :port 8080 :path "/" :has-pact-with { ; Again, you can define as many consumers for each provider as you need, but each must have a unique name :consumer1 { ; pact file can be either a path or an URL :pact-file "path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json" } } } } } ``` ### 3. Execute `lein with-profile pact pact-verify` You will have to have your provider running for this to pass. ## Enabling insecure SSL For providers that are running on SSL with self-signed certificates, you need to enable insecure SSL mode by setting `:insecure true` on the provider. ```clojure :pact { :service-providers { :provider1 { :protocol "https" :host "localhost" :port 8443 :insecure true :has-pact-with { :consumer1 { :pact-file "path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json" } } } } } ``` ## Specifying a custom trust store For environments that are running their own certificate chains: ```clojure :pact { :service-providers { :provider1 { :protocol "https" :host "localhost" :port 8443 :trust-store "relative/path/to/trustStore.jks" :trust-store-password "changeme" :has-pact-with { :consumer1 { :pact-file "path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json" } } } } } ``` `:trust-store` is relative to the current working (build) directory. `:trust-store-password` defaults to `changeit`. NOTE: The hostname will still be verified against the certificate. ## Modifying the requests before they are sent Sometimes you may need to add things to the requests that can't be persisted in a pact file. Examples of these would be authentication tokens, which have a small life span. The Leiningen plugin provides a request filter that can be set to an anonymous function on the provider that will be called before the request is made. This function will receive the HttpRequest object as a parameter. ```clojure :pact { :service-providers { :provider1 { ; function that adds an Authorization header to each request :request-filter #(.addHeader % "Authorization" "oauth-token eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsIm...") :has-pact-with { :consumer1 { :pact-file "path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json" } } } } } ``` __*Important Note:*__ You should only use this feature for things that can not be persisted in the pact file. By modifying the request, you are potentially modifying the contract from the consumer tests! ## Modifying the HTTP Client Used The default HTTP client is used for all requests to providers (created with a call to `HttpClients.createDefault()`). This can be changed by specifying a function assigned to `:create-client` on the provider that returns a `CloseableHttpClient`. The function will receive the provider info as a parameter. ## Turning off URL decoding of the paths in the pact file [version 3.3.3+] By default the paths loaded from the pact file will be decoded before the request is sent to the provider. To turn this behaviour off, set the system property `pact.verifier.disableUrlPathDecoding` to `true`. __*Important Note:*__ If you turn off the url path decoding, you need to ensure that the paths in the pact files are correctly encoded. The verifier will not be able to make a request with an invalid encoded path. ## Plugin Properties The following plugin options can be specified on the command line: |Property|Description| |--------|-----------| |:pact.showStacktrace|This turns on stacktrace printing for each request. It can help with diagnosing network errors| |:pact.showFullDiff|This turns on displaying the full diff of the expected versus actual bodies [version 3.3.6+]| |:pact.filter.consumers|Comma seperated list of consumer names to verify| |:pact.filter.description|Only verify interactions whose description match the provided regular expression| |:pact.filter.providerState|Only verify interactions whose provider state match the provided regular expression. An empty string matches interactions that have no state| |:pact.verifier.publishResults|Publishing of verification results will be skipped unless this property is set to 'true' [version 3.5.18+]| |:pact.matching.wildcard|Enables matching of map values ignoring the keys when this property is set to 'true'| Example, to run verification only for a particular consumer: ``` $ lein with-profile pact pact-verify :pact.filter.consumers=consumer2 ``` ## Provider States For each provider you can specify a state change URL to use to switch the state of the provider. This URL will receive the `providerState` description from the pact file before each interaction via a POST. The `:state-change-uses-body` controls if the state is passed in the request body or as a query parameter. These values can be set at the provider level, or for a specific consumer. Consumer values take precedent if both are given. ```clojure :pact { :service-providers { :provider1 { :state-change-url "http://localhost:8080/tasks/pactStateChange" :state-change-uses-body false ; defaults to true :has-pact-with { :consumer1 { :pact-file "path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json" } } } } } ``` If the `:state-change-uses-body` is not specified, or is set to true, then the provider state description will be sent as JSON in the body of the request. If it is set to false, it will passed as a query parameter. As for normal requests (see Modifying the requests before they are sent), a state change request can be modified before it is sent. Set `:state-change-request-filter` to an anonymous function on the provider that will be called before the request is made. ## Filtering the interactions that are verified You can filter the interactions that are run using three properties: `:pact.filter.consumers`, `:pact.filter.description` and `:pact.filter.providerState`. Adding `:pact.filter.consumers=consumer1,consumer2` to the command line will only run the pact files for those consumers (consumer1 and consumer2). Adding `:pact.filter.description=a request for payment.*` will only run those interactions whose descriptions start with 'a request for payment'. `:pact.filter.providerState=.*payment` will match any interaction that has a provider state that ends with payment, and `:pact.filter.providerState=` will match any interaction that does not have a provider state. ## Starting and shutting down your provider For the pact verification to run, the provider needs to be running. Leiningen provides a `do` task that can chain tasks together. So, by creating a `start-app` and `terminate-app` alias, you could so something like: $ lein with-profile pact do start-app, pact-verify, terminate-app However, if the pact verification fails the build will abort without running the `terminate-app` task. To have the start and terminate tasks always run regardless of the state of the verification, you can assign them to `:start-provider-task` and `:terminate-provider-task` on the provider. ```clojure :aliases {"start-app" ^{:doc "Starts the app"} ["tasks to start app ..."] ; insert tasks to start the app here "terminate-app" ^{:doc "Kills the app"} ["tasks to terminate app ..."] ; insert tasks to stop the app here } :pact { :service-providers { :provider1 { :start-provider-task "start-app" :terminate-provider-task "terminate-app" :has-pact-with { :consumer1 { :pact-file "path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json" } } } } } ``` Then you can just run: $ lein with-profile pact pact-verify and the `start-app` and `terminate-app` tasks will run before and after the provider verification. ## Specifying the provider hostname at runtime [3.0.4+] If you need to calculate the provider hostname at runtime (for instance it is run as a new docker container or AWS instance), you can give an anonymous function as the provider host that returns the host name. The function will receive the provider information as a parameter. ```clojure :pact { :service-providers { :provider1 { :host #(calculate-host-name %) :has-pact-with { :consumer1 { :pact-file "path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json" } } } } } ```
2019-04-21 13:17:21

# Pact junit runner ## Overview Library provides ability to play contract tests against a provider service in JUnit fashionable way. Supports: - Out-of-the-box convenient ways to load pacts - Easy way to change assertion strategy - **org.junit.BeforeClass**, **org.junit.AfterClass** and **org.junit.ClassRule** JUnit annotations, that will be run once - before/after whole contract test suite. - **org.junit.Before**, **org.junit.After** and **org.junit.Rule** JUnit annotations, that will be run before/after each test of an interaction. - **au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.State** custom annotation - before each interaction that requires a state change, all methods annotated by `@State` with appropriate the state listed will be invoked. These methods must either take no parameters or a single Map parameter. ## Example of HTTP test ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) // Say JUnit to run tests with custom Runner @Provider("myAwesomeService") // Set up name of tested provider @PactFolder("pacts") // Point where to find pacts (See also section Pacts source in documentation) public class ContractTest { // NOTE: this is just an example of embedded service that listens to requests, you should start here real service @ClassRule //Rule will be applied once: before/after whole contract test suite public static final ClientDriverRule embeddedService = new ClientDriverRule(8332); @BeforeClass //Method will be run once: before whole contract test suite public static void setUpService() { //Run DB, create schema //Run service //... } @Before //Method will be run before each test of interaction public void before() { // Rest data // Mock dependent service responses // ... embeddedService.addExpectation( onRequestTo("/data"), giveEmptyResponse() ); } @State("default", "no-data") // Method will be run before testing interactions that require "default" or "no-data" state public void toDefaultState() { // Prepare service before interaction that require "default" state // ... System.out.println("Now service in default state"); } @State("with-data") // Method will be run before testing interactions that require "with-data" state public void toStateWithData(Map data) { // Prepare service before interaction that require "with-data" state. The provider state data will be passed // in the data parameter // ... System.out.println("Now service in state using data " + data); } @TestTarget // Annotation denotes Target that will be used for tests public final Target target = new HttpTarget(8332); // Out-of-the-box implementation of Target (for more information take a look at Test Target section) } ``` ## Example of AMQP Message test ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) // Say JUnit to run tests with custom Runner @Provider("myAwesomeService") // Set up name of tested provider @PactBroker(host="pactbroker", port = "80") public class ConfirmationKafkaContractTest { @TestTarget // Annotation denotes Target that will be used for tests public final Target target = new AmqpTarget(); // Out-of-the-box implementation of Target (for more information take a look at Test Target section) @BeforeClass //Method will be run once: before whole contract test suite public static void setUpService() { //Run DB, create schema //Run service //... } @Before //Method will be run before each test of interaction public void before() { // Message data preparation // ... } @PactVerifyProvider('an order confirmation message') String verifyMessageForOrder() { Order order = new Order() order.setId(10000004) order.setPrice(BigDecimal.TEN) order.setUnits(15) def message = new ConfirmationKafkaMessageBuilder() .withOrder(order) .build() JsonOutput.toJson(message) } } ``` ## Provider state callback methods For the provider states in the pact being verified, you can define methods to be invoked to setup the correct state for each interaction. Just annotate a method with the `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.State` annotation and the method will be invoked before the interaction is verified. For example: ```java @State("SomeProviderState") // Must match the state description in the pact file public void someProviderState() { // Do what you need to set the correct state } ``` If there are parameters in the pact file, just add a Map parameter to the method to be able to access those parameters. ```java @State("SomeProviderState") public void someProviderState(Map<String, Object> providerStateParameters) { // Do what you need to set the correct state } ``` ### Provider state teardown methods [3.5.22+] If you need to tear down your provider state, you can annotate a method with the `@State` annotation with the action set to `StateChangeAction.TEARDOWN` and it will be invoked after the interaction is verified. ```java @State("SomeProviderState", action = StateChangeAction.TEARDOWN) public void someProviderStateCleanup() { // Do what you need to to teardown the state } ``` ## Pact source The Pact runner will automatically collect pacts based on annotations on the test class. For this purpose there are 3 out-of-the-box options (files from a directory, files from a set of URLs or a pact broker) or you can easily add your own Pact source. If you need to load a single pact file from the file system, use the `PactUrl` with the URL set to the file path. **Note:** You can only define one source of pacts per test class. ### Download pacts from a pact-broker To use pacts from a Pact Broker, annotate the test class with `@PactBroker(host="host.of.pact.broker.com", port = "80")`. From _version 3.2.2/2.4.3+_ you can also specify the protocol, which defaults to "http". The pact broker will be queried for all pacts with the same name as the provider annotation. For example, test all pacts for the "Activity Service" in the pact broker: ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) @Provider("Activity Service") @PactBroker(host = "localhost", port = "80") public class PactJUnitTest { @TestTarget public final Target target = new HttpTarget(5050); } ``` #### _Version 3.2.3/2.4.4+_ - Using Java System properties The pact broker loader was updated to allow system properties to be used for the hostname, port or protocol. The port was changed to a string to allow expressions to be set. To use a system property or environment variable, you can place the property name in `${}` expression de-markers: ```java @PactBroker(host="${pactbroker.hostname}", port = "80") ``` You can provide a default value by separating the property name with a colon (`:`): ```java @PactBroker(host="${pactbroker.hostname:localhost}", port = "80") ``` #### _Version 3.5.3+_ - More Java System properties The default values of the `@PactBroker` annotation now enable variable interpolation. The following keys may be managed through the environment * `pactbroker.host` * `pactbroker.port` * `pactbroker.protocol` * `pactbroker.tags` (comma separated) * `pactbroker.auth.scheme` * `pactbroker.auth.username` * `pactbroker.auth.password` #### _Version 3.2.4/2.4.6+_ - Using tags with the pact broker The pact broker allows different versions to be tagged. To load all the pacts: ```java @PactBroker(host="pactbroker", port = "80", tags = {"latest", "dev", "prod"}) ``` The default value for tags is `latest` which is not actually a tag but instead corresponds to the latest version ignoring the tags. If there are multiple consumers matching the name specified in the provider annotation then the latest pact for each of the consumers is loaded. For any other value the latest pact tagged with the specified tag is loaded. Specifying multiple tags is an OR operation. For example if you specify `tags = {"dev", "prod"}` then both the latest pact file tagged with `dev` and the latest pact file taggged with `prod` is loaded. #### _Version 3.3.4/2.4.19+_ - Using basic auth with the with the pact broker You can use basic authentication with the `@PactBroker` annotation by setting the `authentication` value to a `@PactBrokerAuth` annotation. For example: ```java @PactBroker(host = "${pactbroker.url:localhost}", port = "1234", tags = {"latest", "prod", "dev"}, authentication = @PactBrokerAuth(username = "test", password = "test")) ``` The `username` and `password` values also take Java system property expressions. ### Pact Url To use pacts from urls annotate the test class with ```java @PactUrl(urls = {"http://build.server/zoo_app-animal_service.json"} ) ``` If you need to load a single pact file from the file system, you can use the `PactUrl` with the URL set to the file path. ### Pact folder To use pacts from a resource folder of the project annotate test class with ```java @PactFolder("subfolder/in/resource/directory") ``` ### Custom pacts source It's possible to use a custom Pact source. For this, implement interface `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.loader.PactLoader` and annotate the test class with `@PactSource(MyOwnPactLoader.class)`. **Note:** class `MyOwnPactLoader` must have a default empty constructor or a constructor with one argument of class `Class` which at runtime will be the test class so you can get custom annotations of test class. ### Filtering the interactions that are verified [version 3.5.3+] By default, the pact runner will verify all pacts for the given provider. You can filter the pacts and interactions by the following methods. #### Filtering by Consumer You can run only those pacts for a particular consumer by adding a `@Consumer` annotation to the test class. For example: ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) @Provider("Activity Service") @Consumer("Activity Consumer") @PactBroker(host = "localhost", port = "80") public class PactJUnitTest { @TestTarget public final Target target = new HttpTarget(5050); } ``` #### Filtering by Provider State You can filter the interactions that are executed by adding a `@PactFilter` annotation to your test class. The pact filter annotation will then only verify interactions that have a matching provider state. You can provide multiple states to match with. For example: ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) @Provider("Activity Service") @PactBroker(host = "localhost", port = "80") @PactFilter('Activity 100 exists in the database') public class PactJUnitTest { @TestTarget public final Target target = new HttpTarget(5050); } ``` You can also use regular expressions with the filter [version 3.5.3+]. For example: ```java @RunWith(PactRunner.class) @PactFilter('Activity \\d+ exists in the database') public class PactJUnitTest { } ``` ### Setting the test to not fail when no pacts are found [version 3.5.3+] By default the pact runner will fail the verification test if no pact files are found to verify. To change the failure into a warning, add a `@IgnoreNoPactsToVerify` annotation to your test class. #### Ignoring IO errors loading pact files [version 3.5.24+] You can also set the test to ignore any IO and parser exceptions when loading the pact files by setting the `ignoreIoErrors` attribute on the annotation to `"true"` or setting the JVM system property `pact.verification.ignoreIoErrors` to `true`. ** WARNING! Do not enable this on your CI server, as this could result in your build passing with no providers having been verified due to a configuration error. ** ## Test target The field in test class of type `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.Target` annotated with `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.TestTarget` will be used for actual Interaction execution and asserting of contract. **Note:** there must be exactly 1 such field, otherwise an `InitializationException` will be thrown. ### HttpTarget `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.HttpTarget` - out-of-the-box implementation of `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.Target` that will play pacts as http request and assert response from service by matching rules from pact. _Version 3.2.2/2.4.3+_ you can also specify the protocol, defaults to "http". ### AmqpTarget `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.AmqpTarget` - out-of-the-box implementation of `au.com.dius.pact.provider.junit.target.Target` that will play pacts as an AMQP message and assert response from service by matching rules from pact. #### Modifying the requests before they are sent [Version 3.2.3/2.4.5+] Sometimes you may need to add things to the requests that can't be persisted in a pact file. Examples of these would be authentication tokens, which have a small life span. The HttpTarget supports request filters by annotating methods on the test class with `@TargetRequestFilter`. These methods must be public void methods that take a single HttpRequest parameter. For example: ```java @TargetRequestFilter public void exampleRequestFilter(HttpRequest request) { request.addHeader("Authorization", "OAUTH hdsagasjhgdjashgdah..."); } ``` __*Important Note:*__ You should only use this feature for things that can not be persisted in the pact file. By modifying the request, you are potentially modifying the contract from the consumer tests! #### Turning off URL decoding of the paths in the pact file [version 3.3.3+] By default the paths loaded from the pact file will be decoded before the request is sent to the provider. To turn this behaviour off, set the system property `pact.verifier.disableUrlPathDecoding` to `true`. __*Important Note:*__ If you turn off the url path decoding, you need to ensure that the paths in the pact files are correctly encoded. The verifier will not be able to make a request with an invalid encoded path. ### Custom Test Target It's possible to use custom `Target`, for that interface `Target` should be implemented and this class can be used instead of `HttpTarget`. # Verification Reports [versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+] The default test behaviour is to display the verification being done to the console, and pass or fail the test via the normal JUnit mechanism. From versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+, additional reports can be generated from the tests. ## Enabling additional reports via annotations on the test classes A `@VerificationReports` annotation can be added to any pact test class which will control the verification output. The annotation takes a list report types and an optional report directory (defaults to "target/pact/reports"). The currently supported report types are `console`, `markdown` and `json`. For example: ```java @VerificationReports({"console", "markdown"}) public class MyPactTest { ``` will enable the markdown report in addition to the normal console output. And, ```java @VerificationReports(value = {"markdown"}, reportDir = "/myreports") public class MyPactTest { ``` will disable the normal console output and write the markdown reports to "/myreports". ## Enabling additional reports via Java system properties or environment variables The additional reports can also be enabled with Java System properties or environment variables. The following two properties have been introduced: `pact.verification.reports` and `pact.verification.reportDir`. `pact.verification.reports` is the comma separated list of report types to enable (e.g. `console,json,markdown`). `pact.verification.reportDir` is the directory to write reports to (defaults to "target/pact/reports"). ## Additional Reports The following report types are available in addition to console output (`console`, which is enabled by default): `markdown`, `json`. You can also provide a fully qualified classname as report so custom reports are also supported. This class must implement `au.com.dius.pact.provider.reporters.VerifierReporter` interface in order to be correct custom implementation of a report. # Publishing verification results to a Pact Broker [version 3.5.4+] For pacts that are loaded from a Pact Broker, the results of running the verification can be published back to the broker against the URL for the pact. You will be able to see the result on the Pact Broker home screen. You need to set the version of the provider that is verified using the `pact.provider.version` system property. To enable publishing of results, set the property `pact.verifier.publishResults` to `true` [version 3.5.18+].
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# Pact Junit 5 Extension ## Overview For writing Pact verification tests with JUnit 5, there is an JUnit 5 Invocation Context Provider that you can use with the `@TestTemplate` annotation. This will generate a test for each interaction found for the pact files for the provider. To use it, add the `@Provider` and one of the pact source annotations to your test class (as per a JUnit 4 test), then add a method annotated with `@TestTemplate` and `@ExtendWith(PactVerificationInvocationContextProvider.class)` that takes a `PactVerificationContext` parameter. You will need to call `verifyInteraction()` on the context parameter in your test template method. For example: ```java @Provider("myAwesomeService") @PactFolder("pacts") public class ContractVerificationTest { @TestTemplate @ExtendWith(PactVerificationInvocationContextProvider.class) void pactVerificationTestTemplate(PactVerificationContext context) { context.verifyInteraction(); } } ``` For details on the provider and pact source annotations, refer to the [Pact junit runner](../pact-jvm-provider-junit/README.md) docs. ## Test target You can set the test target (the object that defines the target of the test, which should point to your provider) on the `PactVerificationContext`, but you need to do this in a before test method (annotated with `@BeforeEach`). There are three different test targets you can use: `HttpTestTarget`, `HttpsTestTarget` and `AmpqTestTarget`. For example: ```java @BeforeEach void before(PactVerificationContext context) { context.setTarget(HttpTestTarget.fromUrl(new URL(myProviderUrl))); // or something like // context.setTarget(new HttpTestTarget("localhost", myProviderPort, "/")); } ``` ## Provider State Methods Provider State Methods work in the same way as with JUnit 4 tests, refer to the [Pact junit runner](../pact-jvm-provider-junit/README.md) docs. ## Modifying the requests before they are sent **Important Note:** You should only use this feature for things that can not be persisted in the pact file. By modifying the request, you are potentially modifying the contract from the consumer tests! Sometimes you may need to add things to the requests that can't be persisted in a pact file. Examples of these would be authentication tokens, which have a small life span. The Http and Https test targets support injecting the request that will executed into the test template method. You can then add things to the request before calling the `verifyInteraction()` method. For example to add a header: ```java @TestTemplate @ExtendWith(PactVerificationInvocationContextProvider.class) void testTemplate(PactVerificationContext context, HttpRequest request) { // This will add a header to the request request.addHeader("X-Auth-Token", "1234"); context.verifyInteraction(); } ``` ## Objects that can be injected into the test methods You can inject the following objects into your test methods (just like the `PactVerificationContext`). They will be null if injected before the supported phase. | Object | Can be injected from phase | Description | | ------ | --------------- | ----------- | | PactVerificationContext | @BeforeEach | The context to use to execute the interaction test | | Pact | any | The Pact model for the test | | Interaction | any | The Interaction model for the test | | HttpRequest | @TestTemplate | The request that is going to be executed (only for HTTP and HTTPS targets) | | ProviderVerifier | @TestTemplate | The verifier instance that is used to verify the interaction |
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pact-jvm-provider-gradle ======================== Gradle plugin for verifying pacts against a provider. The Gradle plugin creates a task `pactVerify` to your build which will verify all configured pacts against your provider. ## To Use It ### For Gradle versions prior to 2.1 #### 1.1. Add the pact-jvm-provider-gradle jar file to your build script class path: ```groovy buildscript { repositories { mavenCentral() } dependencies { classpath 'au.com.dius:pact-jvm-provider-gradle_2.10:3.2.11' } } ``` #### 1.2. Apply the pact plugin ```groovy apply plugin: 'au.com.dius.pact' ``` ### For Gradle versions 2.1+ ```groovy plugins { id "au.com.dius.pact" version "3.2.11" } ``` ### 2. Define the pacts between your consumers and providers ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { // You can define as many as you need, but each must have a unique name provider1 { // All the provider properties are optional, and have sensible defaults (shown below) protocol = 'http' host = 'localhost' port = 8080 path = '/' // Again, you can define as many consumers for each provider as you need, but each must have a unique name hasPactWith('consumer1') { // currently supports a file path using file() or a URL using url() pactSource = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') } // Or if you have many pact files in a directory hasPactsWith('manyConsumers') { // Will define a consumer for each pact file in the directory. // Consumer name is read from contents of pact file pactFileLocation = file('path/to/pacts') } } } } ``` ### 3. Execute `gradle pactVerify` ## Specifying the provider hostname at runtime If you need to calculate the provider hostname at runtime, you can give a Closure as the provider `host`. ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { host = { lookupHostName() } hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') } } } } ``` _Since version 3.3.2+/2.4.17+_ you can also give a Closure as the provider `port`. ## Specifying the pact file or URL at runtime [versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+] If you need to calculate the pact file or URL at runtime, you can give a Closure as the provider `pactFile`. ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { host = 'localhost' hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = { lookupPactFile() } } } } } ``` ## Starting and shutting down your provider If you need to start-up or shutdown your provider, define Gradle tasks for each action and set `startProviderTask` and `terminateProviderTask` properties of each provider. You could use the jetty tasks here if you provider is built as a WAR file. ```groovy // This will be called before the provider task task('startTheApp') { doLast { // start up your provider here } } // This will be called after the provider task task('killTheApp') { doLast { // kill your provider here } } pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { startProviderTask = startTheApp terminateProviderTask = killTheApp hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') } } } } ``` Following typical Gradle behaviour, you can set the provider task properties to the actual tasks, or to the task names as a string (for the case when they haven't been defined yet). ## Preventing the chaining of provider verify task to `pactVerify` [version 3.4.1+] Normally a gradle task named `pactVerify_${provider.name}` is created and added as a task dependency for `pactVerify`. You can disable this dependency on a provider by setting `isDependencyForPactVerify` to `false` (defaults to `true`). ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { isDependencyForPactVerify = false hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') } } } } ``` To run this task, you would then have to explicitly name it as in ```gradle pactVerify_provider1```, a normal ```gradle pactVerify``` would skip it. This can be useful when you want to define two providers, one with `startProviderTask`/`terminateProviderTask` and as second without, so you can manually start your provider (to debug it from your IDE, for example) but still want a `pactVerify` to run normally from your CI build. ## Enabling insecure SSL [version 2.2.8+] For providers that are running on SSL with self-signed certificates, you need to enable insecure SSL mode by setting `insecure = true` on the provider. ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { insecure = true // allow SSL with a self-signed cert hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') } } } } ``` ## Specifying a custom trust store [version 2.2.8+] For environments that are running their own certificate chains: ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { trustStore = new File('relative/path/to/trustStore.jks') trustStorePassword = 'changeit' hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') } } } } ``` `trustStore` is either relative to the current working (build) directory. `trustStorePassword` defaults to `changeit`. NOTE: The hostname will still be verified against the certificate. ## Modifying the HTTP Client Used [version 2.2.4+] The default HTTP client is used for all requests to providers (created with a call to `HttpClients.createDefault()`). This can be changed by specifying a closure assigned to createClient on the provider that returns a CloseableHttpClient. For example: ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { createClient = { provider -> // This will enable the client to accept self-signed certificates HttpClients.custom().setSSLHostnameVerifier(new NoopHostnameVerifier()) .setSslcontext(new SSLContextBuilder().loadTrustMaterial(null, { x509Certificates, s -> true }) .build()) .build() } hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') } } } } ``` ## Modifying the requests before they are sent **NOTE on breaking change: Version 2.1.8+ uses Apache HttpClient instead of HttpBuilder so the closure will receive a HttpRequest object instead of a request Map.** Sometimes you may need to add things to the requests that can't be persisted in a pact file. Examples of these would be authentication tokens, which have a small life span. The Pact Gradle plugin provides a request filter that can be set to a closure on the provider that will be called before the request is made. This closure will receive the HttpRequest prior to it being executed. ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { requestFilter = { req -> // Add an authorization header to each request req.addHeader('Authorization', 'OAUTH eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsImN0eSI6ImFw...') } hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') } } } } ``` __*Important Note:*__ You should only use this feature for things that can not be persisted in the pact file. By modifying the request, you are potentially modifying the contract from the consumer tests! ## Turning off URL decoding of the paths in the pact file [version 3.3.3+] By default the paths loaded from the pact file will be decoded before the request is sent to the provider. To turn this behaviour off, set the system property `pact.verifier.disableUrlPathDecoding` to `true`. __*Important Note:*__ If you turn off the url path decoding, you need to ensure that the paths in the pact files are correctly encoded. The verifier will not be able to make a request with an invalid encoded path. ## Project Properties The following project properties can be specified with `-Pproperty=value` on the command line: |Property|Description| |--------|-----------| |pact.showStacktrace|This turns on stacktrace printing for each request. It can help with diagnosing network errors| |pact.showFullDiff|This turns on displaying the full diff of the expected versus actual bodies [version 3.3.6+]| |pact.filter.consumers|Comma seperated list of consumer names to verify| |pact.filter.description|Only verify interactions whose description match the provided regular expression| |pact.filter.providerState|Only verify interactions whose provider state match the provided regular expression. An empty string matches interactions that have no state| |pact.verifier.publishResults|Publishing of verification results will be skipped unless this property is set to 'true'| |pact.matching.wildcard|Enables matching of map values ignoring the keys when this property is set to 'true'| ## Provider States For a description of what provider states are, see the pact documentations: http://docs.pact.io/documentation/provider_states.html ### Using a state change URL For each provider you can specify a state change URL to use to switch the state of the provider. This URL will receive the providerState description and all the parameters from the pact file before each interaction via a POST. As for normal requests, a request filter (`stateChangeRequestFilter`) can also be set to manipulate the request before it is sent. ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') stateChangeUrl = url('http://localhost:8001/tasks/pactStateChange') stateChangeUsesBody = false // defaults to true stateChangeRequestFilter = { req -> // Add an authorization header to each request req.addHeader('Authorization', 'OAUTH eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsImN0eSI6ImFw...') } } // or hasPactsWith('consumers') { pactFileLocation = file('path/to/pacts') stateChangeUrl = url('http://localhost:8001/tasks/pactStateChange') stateChangeUsesBody = false // defaults to true } } } } ``` If the `stateChangeUsesBody` is not specified, or is set to true, then the provider state description and parameters will be sent as JSON in the body of the request : ```json { "state" : "a provider state description", "params": { "a": "1", "b": "2" } } ``` If it is set to false, they will be passed as query parameters. #### Teardown calls for state changes [version 3.2.5/2.4.7+] You can enable teardown state change calls by setting the property `stateChangeTeardown = true` on the provider. This will add an `action` parameter to the state change call. The setup call before the test will receive `action=setup`, and then a teardown call will be made afterwards to the state change URL with `action=teardown`. ### Using a Closure [version 2.2.2+] You can set a closure to be called before each verification with a defined provider state. The closure will be called with the state description and parameters from the pact file. ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') // Load a fixture file based on the provider state and then setup some database // data. Does not require a state change request so returns false stateChange = { providerState -> // providerState is an instance of ProviderState def fixture = loadFixtuerForProviderState(providerState) setupDatabase(fixture) } } } } } ``` #### Teardown calls for state changes [version 3.2.5/2.4.7+] You can enable teardown state change calls by setting the property `stateChangeTeardown = true` on the provider. This will add an `action` parameter to the state change closure call. The setup call before the test will receive `setup`, as the second parameter, and then a teardown call will be made afterwards with `teardown` as the second parameter. ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = file('path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json') // Load a fixture file based on the provider state and then setup some database // data. Does not require a state change request so returns false stateChange = { providerState, action -> if (action == 'setup') { def fixture = loadFixtuerForProviderState(providerState) setupDatabase(fixture) } else { cleanupDatabase() } false } } } } } ``` ## Filtering the interactions that are verified You can filter the interactions that are run using three project properties: `pact.filter.consumers`, `pact.filter.description` and `pact.filter.providerState`. Adding `-Ppact.filter.consumers=consumer1,consumer2` to the command line will only run the pact files for those consumers (consumer1 and consumer2). Adding `-Ppact.filter.description=a request for payment.*` will only run those interactions whose descriptions start with 'a request for payment'. `-Ppact.filter.providerState=.*payment` will match any interaction that has a provider state that ends with payment, and `-Ppact.filter.providerState=` will match any interaction that does not have a provider state. ## Verifying pact files from a pact broker [version 3.1.1+/2.3.1+] You can setup your build to validate against the pacts stored in a pact broker. The pact gradle plugin will query the pact broker for all consumers that have a pact with the provider based on its name. For example: ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { // You can get the latest pacts from the broker hasPactsFromPactBroker('http://pact-broker:5000/') // And/or you can get the latest pact with a specific tag hasPactsFromPactBrokerWithTag('http://pact-broker:5000/',"tagname") } } } ``` This will verify all pacts found in the pact broker where the provider name is 'provider1'. If you need to set any values on the consumers from the pact broker, you can add a Closure to configure them. ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { hasPactsFromPactBroker('http://pact-broker:5000/') { consumer -> stateChange = { providerState -> /* state change code here */ true } } } } } ``` **NOTE: Currently the pacts are fetched from the broker during the configuration phase of the build. This means that if the broker is not available, you will not be able to run any Gradle tasks.** This should be fixed in a forth coming release. In the mean time, to only load the pacts when running the validate task, you can do something like: ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { // Only load the pacts from the broker if the start tasks from the command line include pactVerify if ('pactVerify' in gradle.startParameter.taskNames) { hasPactsFromPactBroker('http://pact-broker:5000/') { consumer -> stateChange = { providerState -> /* state change code here */ true } } } } } } ``` ### Using an authenticated Pact Broker You can add the authentication details for the Pact Broker like so: ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { hasPactsFromPactBroker('http://pact-broker:5000/', authentication: ['Basic', pactBrokerUser, pactBrokerPassword]) } } } ``` `pactBrokerUser` and `pactBrokerPassword` can be defined in the gradle properties. ## Verifying pact files from a S3 bucket [version 3.3.2+/2.4.17+] Pact files stored in an S3 bucket can be verified by using an S3 URL to the pact file. I.e., ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { provider1 { hasPactWith('consumer1') { pactFile = 's3://bucketname/path/to/provider1-consumer1-pact.json' } } } } ``` **NOTE:** you can't use the `url` function with S3 URLs, as the URL and URI classes from the Java SDK don't support URLs with the s3 scheme. # Publishing pact files to a pact broker [version 2.2.7+] The pact gradle plugin provides a `pactPublish` task that can publish all pact files in a directory to a pact broker. To use it, you need to add a publish configuration to the pact configuration that defines the directory where the pact files are and the URL to the pact broker. For example: ```groovy pact { publish { pactDirectory = '/pact/dir' // defaults to $buildDir/pacts pactBrokerUrl = 'http://pactbroker:1234' } } ``` You can set any tags that the pacts should be published with by setting the `tags` property. A common use of this is setting the tag to the current source control branch. This supports using pact with feature branches. ```groovy pact { publish { pactDirectory = '/pact/dir' // defaults to $buildDir/pacts pactBrokerUrl = 'http://pactbroker:1234' tags = [project.pactBrokerTag] } } ``` _NOTE:_ The pact broker requires a version for all published pacts. The `pactPublish` task will use the version of the gradle project by default. Make sure you have set one otherwise the broker will reject the pact files. _Version 3.2.2/2.4.3+_ you can override the version in the publish block. ## Publishing to an authenticated pact broker To publish to a broker protected by basic auth, include the username/password in the `pactBrokerUrl`. For example: ```groovy pact { publish { pactBrokerUrl = 'https://username:password@mypactbroker.com' } } ``` ### [version 3.3.9+] You can add the username and password as properties since version 3.3.9+ ```groovy pact { publish { pactBrokerUrl = 'https://mypactbroker.com' pactBrokerUsername = 'username' pactBrokerPassword = 'password' } } ``` ## Excluding pacts from being published [version 3.5.19+] You can exclude some of the pact files from being published by providing a list of regular expressions that match against the base names of the pact files. For example: ```groovy pact { publish { pactBrokerUrl = 'https://mypactbroker.com' excludes = [ '.*\\-\\d+$' ] // exclude all pact files that end with a dash followed by a number in the name } } ``` # Verifying a message provider [version 2.2.12+] The Gradle plugin has been updated to allow invoking test methods that can return the message contents from a message producer. To use it, set the way to invoke the verification to `ANNOTATED_METHOD`. This will allow the pact verification task to scan for test methods that return the message contents. Add something like the following to your gradle build file: ```groovy pact { serviceProviders { messageProvider { verificationType = 'ANNOTATED_METHOD' packagesToScan = ['au.com.example.messageprovider.*'] // This is optional, but leaving it out will result in the entire // test classpath being scanned hasPactWith('messageConsumer') { pactFile = url('url/to/messagepact.json') } } } } ``` Now when the `pactVerify` task is run, will look for methods annotated with `@PactVerifyProvider` in the test classpath that have a matching description to what is in the pact file. ```groovy class ConfirmationKafkaMessageBuilderTest { @PactVerifyProvider('an order confirmation message') String verifyMessageForOrder() { Order order = new Order() order.setId(10000004) order.setExchange('ASX') order.setSecurityCode('CBA') order.setPrice(BigDecimal.TEN) order.setUnits(15) order.setGst(new BigDecimal('15.0')) order.setFees(BigDecimal.TEN) def message = new ConfirmationKafkaMessageBuilder() .withOrder(order) .build() JsonOutput.toJson(message) } } ``` It will then validate that the returned contents matches the contents for the message in the pact file. ## Publishing to the Gradle Community Portal To publish the plugin to the community portal: $ ./gradlew :pact-jvm-provider-gradle_2.11:publishPlugins # Verification Reports [versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+] The default behaviour is to display the verification being done to the console, and pass or fail the build via the normal Gradle mechanism. From versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+, additional reports can be generated from the verification. ## Enabling additional reports The verification reports can be controlled by adding a reports section to the pact configuration in the gradle build file. For example: ```groovy pact { reports { defaultReports() // adds the standard console output markdown // report in markdown format json // report in json format } } ``` Any report files will be written to "build/reports/pact". ## Additional Reports The following report types are available in addition to console output (which is enabled by default): `markdown`, `json`. # Publishing verification results to a Pact Broker [version 3.5.4+] For pacts that are loaded from a Pact Broker, the results of running the verification can be published back to the broker against the URL for the pact. You will be able to see the result on the Pact Broker home screen. To turn on the verification publishing, set the project property `pact.verifier.publishResults` to `true` [version 3.5.18+].
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Pact Broker Client ================== This module contains the client classes for interacting with a pact broker.
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Pact model ========== The model project is responsible for providing: * a model to represent pacts * serialization and deserialization * comparison between two parts of the pact model * conversion between the pact model and whatever third party libraries used by the pact-consumer and pact-provider requires You should never need to include this project directly
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Pact JVM Matchers ================= Implements matchers for pact requests and responses.
2019-04-21 13:14:13

Pact consumer ============= Pact Consumer is used by projects that are consumers of an API. Most projects will want to use pact-consumer via one of the test framework specific projects. If your favourite framework is not implemented, this module should give you all the hooks you need. Provides a DSL for use with Java to build consumer pacts. ## Dependency The library is available on maven central using: * group-id = `au.com.dius` * artifact-id = `pact-jvm-consumer_2.11` ## DSL Usage Example in a JUnit test: ```java import au.com.dius.pact.model.MockProviderConfig; import au.com.dius.pact.model.RequestResponsePact; import org.apache.http.entity.ContentType; import org.jetbrains.annotations.NotNull; import org.junit.Test; import java.io.IOException; import java.util.HashMap; import java.util.Map; import static au.com.dius.pact.consumer.ConsumerPactRunnerKt.runConsumerTest; import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals; public class PactTest { @Test public void testPact() { RequestResponsePact pact = ConsumerPactBuilder .consumer("Some Consumer") .hasPactWith("Some Provider") .uponReceiving("a request to say Hello") .path("/hello") .method("POST") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") .toPact(); MockProviderConfig config = MockProviderConfig.createDefault(); PactVerificationResult result = runConsumerTest(pact, config, new PactTestRun() { @Override public void run(@NotNull MockServer mockServer) throws IOException { Map expectedResponse = new HashMap(); expectedResponse.put("hello", "harry"); assertEquals(expectedResponse, new ConsumerClient(mockServer.getUrl()).post("/hello", "{\"name\": \"harry\"}", ContentType.APPLICATION_JSON)); } }); if (result instanceof PactVerificationResult.Error) { throw new RuntimeException(((PactVerificationResult.Error)result).getError()); } assertEquals(PactVerificationResult.Ok.INSTANCE, result); } } ``` The DSL has the following pattern: ```java .consumer("Some Consumer") .hasPactWith("Some Provider") .given("a certain state on the provider") .uponReceiving("a request for something") .path("/hello") .method("POST") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") .uponReceiving("another request for something") .path("/hello") .method("POST") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") . . . .toPact() ``` You can define as many interactions as required. Each interaction starts with `uponReceiving` followed by `willRespondWith`. The test state setup with `given` is a mechanism to describe what the state of the provider should be in before the provider is verified. It is only recorded in the consumer tests and used by the provider verification tasks. ### Building JSON bodies with PactDslJsonBody DSL The body method of the ConsumerPactBuilder can accept a PactDslJsonBody, which can construct a JSON body as well as define regex and type matchers. For example: ```java PactDslJsonBody body = new PactDslJsonBody() .stringType("name") .booleanType("happy") .hexValue("hexCode") .id() .ipAddress("localAddress") .numberValue("age", 100) .timestamp(); ``` #### DSL Matching methods The following matching methods are provided with the DSL. In most cases, they take an optional value parameter which will be used to generate example values (i.e. when returning a mock response). If no example value is given, a random one will be generated. | method | description | |--------|-------------| | string, stringValue | Match a string value (using string equality) | | number, numberValue | Match a number value (using Number.equals)\* | | booleanValue | Match a boolean value (using equality) | | stringType | Will match all Strings | | numberType | Will match all numbers\* | | integerType | Will match all numbers that are integers (both ints and longs)\* | | decimalType | Will match all real numbers (floating point and decimal)\* | | booleanType | Will match all boolean values (true and false) | | stringMatcher | Will match strings using the provided regular expression | | timestamp | Will match string containing timestamps. If a timestamp format is not given, will match an ISO timestamp format | | date | Will match string containing dates. If a date format is not given, will match an ISO date format | | time | Will match string containing times. If a time format is not given, will match an ISO time format | | ipAddress | Will match string containing IP4 formatted address. | | id | Will match all numbers by type | | hexValue | Will match all hexadecimal encoded strings | | uuid | Will match strings containing UUIDs | | includesStr | Will match strings containing the provided string | | equalsTo | Will match using equals | | matchUrl | Defines a matcher for URLs, given the base URL path and a sequence of path fragments. The path fragments could be strings or regular expression matchers | _\* Note:_ JSON only supports double precision floating point values. Depending on the language implementation, they may parsed as integer, floating point or decimal numbers. #### Ensuring all items in a list match an example (2.2.0+) Lots of the time you might not know the number of items that will be in a list, but you want to ensure that the list has a minimum or maximum size and that each item in the list matches a given example. You can do this with the `arrayLike`, `minArrayLike` and `maxArrayLike` functions. | function | description | |----------|-------------| | `eachLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example | | `maxArrayLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example and the list is no bigger than the provided max | | `minArrayLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example and the list is no smaller than the provided min | For example: ```java DslPart body = new PactDslJsonBody() .minArrayLike("users") .id() .stringType("name") .closeObject() .closeArray(); ``` This will ensure that the users list is never empty and that each user has an identifier that is a number and a name that is a string. #### Matching JSON values at the root (Version 3.2.2/2.4.3+) For cases where you are expecting basic JSON values (strings, numbers, booleans and null) at the root level of the body and need to use matchers, you can use the `PactDslJsonRootValue` class. It has all the DSL matching methods for basic values that you can use. For example: ```java .consumer("Some Consumer") .hasPactWith("Some Provider") .uponReceiving("a request for a basic JSON value") .path("/hello") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body(PactDslJsonRootValue.integerType()) ``` #### Root level arrays that match all items (version 2.2.11+) If the root of the body is an array, you can create PactDslJsonArray classes with the following methods: | function | description | |----------|-------------| | `arrayEachLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example | | `arrayMinLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example and the list is no bigger than the provided max | | `arrayMaxLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example and the list is no smaller than the provided min | For example: ```java PactDslJsonArray.arrayEachLike() .date("clearedDate", "mm/dd/yyyy", date) .stringType("status", "STATUS") .decimalType("amount", 100.0) .closeObject() ``` This will then match a body like: ```json [ { "clearedDate" : "07/22/2015", "status" : "C", "amount" : 15.0 }, { "clearedDate" : "07/22/2015", "status" : "C", "amount" : 15.0 }, { "clearedDate" : "07/22/2015", "status" : "C", "amount" : 15.0 } ] ``` #### Matching arrays of arrays (version 3.2.12/2.4.14+) For the case where you have arrays of arrays (GeoJSON is an example), the following methods have been provided: | function | description | |----------|-------------| | `eachArrayLike` | Ensure that each item in the array is an array that matches the provided example | | `eachArrayWithMaxLike` | Ensure that each item in the array is an array that matches the provided example and the array is no bigger than the provided max | | `eachArrayWithMinLike` | Ensure that each item in the array is an array that matches the provided example and the array is no smaller than the provided min | For example (with GeoJSON structure): ```java new PactDslJsonBody() .stringType("type","FeatureCollection") .eachLike("features") .stringType("type","Feature") .object("geometry") .stringType("type","Point") .eachArrayLike("coordinates") // coordinates is an array of arrays .decimalType(-7.55717) .decimalType(49.766896) .closeArray() .closeArray() .closeObject() .object("properties") .stringType("prop0","value0") .closeObject() .closeObject() .closeArray() ``` This generated the following JSON: ```json { "features": [ { "geometry": { "coordinates": [[-7.55717, 49.766896]], "type": "Point" }, "type": "Feature", "properties": { "prop0": "value0" } } ], "type": "FeatureCollection" } ``` and will be able to match all coordinates regardless of the number of coordinates. #### Matching any key in a map (3.3.1/2.5.0+) The DSL has been extended for cases where the keys in a map are IDs. For an example of this, see [#313](https://github.com/DiUS/pact-jvm/issues/313). In this case you can use the `eachKeyLike` method, which takes an example key as a parameter. For example: ```java DslPart body = new PactDslJsonBody() .object("one") .eachKeyLike("001", PactDslJsonRootValue.id(12345L)) // key like an id mapped to a matcher .closeObject() .object("two") .eachKeyLike("001-A") // key like an id where the value is matched by the following example .stringType("description", "Some Description") .closeObject() .closeObject() .object("three") .eachKeyMappedToAnArrayLike("001") // key like an id mapped to an array where each item is matched by the following example .id("someId", 23456L) .closeObject() .closeArray() .closeObject(); ``` For an example, have a look at [WildcardKeysTest](../pact-jvm-consumer-junit/src/test/java/au/com/dius/pact/consumer/WildcardKeysTest.java). **NOTE:** The `eachKeyLike` method adds a `*` to the matching path, so the matching definition will be applied to all keys of the map if there is not a more specific matcher defined for a particular key. Having more than one `eachKeyLike` condition applied to a map will result in only one being applied when the pact is verified (probably the last). **Further Note: From version 3.5.22 onwards pacts with wildcards applied to map keys will require the Java system property "pact.matching.wildcard" set to value "true" when the pact file is verified.** ### Matching on paths (version 2.1.5+) You can use regular expressions to match incoming requests. The DSL has a `matchPath` method for this. You can provide a real path as a second value to use when generating requests, and if you leave it out it will generate a random one from the regular expression. For example: ```java .given("test state") .uponReceiving("a test interaction") .matchPath("/transaction/[0-9]+") // or .matchPath("/transaction/[0-9]+", "/transaction/1234567890") .method("POST") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") ``` ### Matching on headers (version 2.2.2+) You can use regular expressions to match request and response headers. The DSL has a `matchHeader` method for this. You can provide an example header value to use when generating requests and responses, and if you leave it out it will generate a random one from the regular expression. For example: ```java .given("test state") .uponReceiving("a test interaction") .path("/hello") .method("POST") .matchHeader("testreqheader", "test.*value") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") .matchHeader("Location", ".*/hello/[0-9]+", "/hello/1234") ``` ### Matching on query parameters (version 3.3.7+) You can use regular expressions to match request query parameters. The DSL has a `matchQuery` method for this. You can provide an example value to use when generating requests, and if you leave it out it will generate a random one from the regular expression. For example: ```java .given("test state") .uponReceiving("a test interaction") .path("/hello") .method("POST") .matchQuery("a", "\\d+", "100") .matchQuery("b", "[A-Z]", "X") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") ``` # Forcing pact files to be overwritten (3.6.5+) By default, when the pact file is written, it will be merged with any existing pact file. To force the file to be overwritten, set the Java system property `pact.writer.overwrite` to `true`.
2019-04-21 13:13:30

pact-jvm-consumer-specs2 ======================== ## Specs2 Bindings for the pact-jvm library ## Dependency In the root folder of your project in build.sbt add the line: ```scala libraryDependencies += "au.com.dius" %% "pact-jvm-consumer-specs2" % "3.2.11" ``` or if you are using Gradle: ```groovy dependencies { testCompile "au.com.dius:pact-jvm-consumer-specs2_2.11:3.2.11" } ``` __*Note:*__ `PactSpec` requires spec2 3.x. Also, for spray users there's an incompatibility between specs2 v3.x and spray. Follow these instructions to resolve that problem: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/spray-user/2T6SBp4OJeI/AJlnJuAKPRsJ ## Usage To author a test, mix `PactSpec` into your spec First we define a service client called `ConsumerService`. In our example this is a simple wrapper for `dispatch`, an HTTP client. The source code can be found in the test folder alongside the `ExamplePactSpec`. Here is a simple example: ``` import au.com.dius.pact.consumer.PactSpec class ExamplePactSpec extends Specification with PactSpec { val consumer = "My Consumer" val provider = "My Provider" override def is = uponReceiving("a request for foo") .matching(path = "/foo") .willRespondWith(body = "{}") .withConsumerTest { providerConfig => Await.result(ConsumerService(providerConfig.url).simpleGet("/foo"), Duration(1000, MILLISECONDS)) must beEqualTo(200, Some("{}")) } } ``` This spec will be run along with the rest of your specs2 unit tests and will output your pact json to ``` /target/pacts/<Consumer>_<Provider>.json ``` # Forcing pact files to be overwritten (3.6.5+) By default, when the pact file is written, it will be merged with any existing pact file. To force the file to be overwritten, set the Java system property `pact.writer.overwrite` to `true`.
2019-04-21 13:12:45

pact-jvm-consumer-junit ======================= Provides a DSL and a base test class for use with Junit to build consumer tests. ## Dependency The library is available on maven central using: * group-id = `au.com.dius` * artifact-id = `pact-jvm-consumer-junit_2.12` * version-id = `3.5.x` ## Usage ### Using the base ConsumerPactTest To write a pact spec extend ConsumerPactTestMk2. This base class defines the following four methods which must be overridden in your test class. * *providerName:* Returns the name of the API provider that Pact will mock * *consumerName:* Returns the name of the API consumer that we are testing. * *createFragment:* Returns the PactFragment containing the interactions that the test setup using the ConsumerPactBuilder DSL * *runTest:* The actual test run. It receives the URL to the mock server as a parameter. Here is an example: ```java import au.com.dius.pact.consumer.dsl.PactDslWithProvider; import au.com.dius.pact.consumer.exampleclients.ConsumerClient; import au.com.dius.pact.consumer.ConsumerPactTest; import au.com.dius.pact.model.PactFragment; import org.junit.Assert; import java.io.IOException; import java.util.HashMap; import java.util.Map; import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals; public class ExampleJavaConsumerPactTest extends ConsumerPactTestMk2 { @Override protected RequestResponsePact createFragment(PactDslWithProvider builder) { Map<String, String> headers = new HashMap<String, String>(); headers.put("testreqheader", "testreqheadervalue"); return builder .given("test state") // NOTE: Using provider states are optional, you can leave it out .uponReceiving("ExampleJavaConsumerPactTest test interaction") .path("/") .method("GET") .headers(headers) .willRespondWith() .status(200) .headers(headers) .body("{\"responsetest\": true, \"name\": \"harry\"}") .given("test state 2") // NOTE: Using provider states are optional, you can leave it out .uponReceiving("ExampleJavaConsumerPactTest second test interaction") .method("OPTIONS") .headers(headers) .path("/second") .body("") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .headers(headers) .body("") .toPact(); } @Override protected String providerName() { return "test_provider"; } @Override protected String consumerName() { return "test_consumer"; } @Override protected void runTest(MockServer mockServer, PactTestExecutionContext context) throws IOException { Assert.assertEquals(new ConsumerClient(mockServer.getUrl()).options("/second"), 200); Map expectedResponse = new HashMap(); expectedResponse.put("responsetest", true); expectedResponse.put("name", "harry"); assertEquals(new ConsumerClient(mockServer.getUrl()).getAsMap("/", ""), expectedResponse); assertEquals(new ConsumerClient(mockServer.getUrl()).options("/second"), 200); } } ``` ### Using the Pact JUnit Rule Thanks to [@warmuuh](https://github.com/warmuuh) we have a JUnit rule that simplifies running Pact consumer tests. To use it, create a test class and then add the rule: #### 1. Add the Pact Rule to your test class to represent your provider. ```java @Rule public PactProviderRuleMk2 mockProvider = new PactProviderRuleMk2("test_provider", "localhost", 8080, this); ``` The hostname and port are optional. If left out, it will default to 127.0.0.1 and a random available port. You can get the URL and port from the pact provider rule. #### 2. Annotate a method with Pact that returns a pact fragment for the provider and consumer ```java @Pact(provider="test_provider", consumer="test_consumer") public RequestResponsePact createPact(PactDslWithProvider builder) { return builder .given("test state") .uponReceiving("ExampleJavaConsumerPactRuleTest test interaction") .path("/") .method("GET") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"responsetest\": true}") .toPact(); } ``` ##### Versions 3.0.2/2.2.13+ You can leave the provider name out. It will then use the provider name of the first mock provider found. I.e., ```java @Pact(consumer="test_consumer") // will default to the provider name from mockProvider public RequestResponsePact createFragment(PactDslWithProvider builder) { return builder .given("test state") .uponReceiving("ExampleJavaConsumerPactRuleTest test interaction") .path("/") .method("GET") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"responsetest\": true}") .toPact(); } ``` #### 3. Annotate your test method with PactVerification to have it run in the context of the mock server setup with the appropriate pact from step 1 and 2 ```java @Test @PactVerification("test_provider") public void runTest() { Map expectedResponse = new HashMap(); expectedResponse.put("responsetest", true); assertEquals(new ConsumerClient(mockProvider.getUrl()).get("/"), expectedResponse); } ``` ##### Versions 3.0.2/2.2.13+ You can leave the provider name out. It will then use the provider name of the first mock provider found. I.e., ```java @Test @PactVerification public void runTest() { // This will run against mockProvider Map expectedResponse = new HashMap(); expectedResponse.put("responsetest", true); assertEquals(new ConsumerClient("http://localhost:8080").get("/"), expectedResponse); } ``` For an example, have a look at [ExampleJavaConsumerPactRuleTest](src/test/java/au/com/dius/pact/consumer/examples/ExampleJavaConsumerPactRuleTest.java) ### Requiring a test with multiple providers The Pact Rule can be used to test with multiple providers. Just add a rule to the test class for each provider, and then include all the providers required in the `@PactVerification` annotation. For an example, look at [PactMultiProviderTest](src/test/java/au/com/dius/pact/consumer/pactproviderrule/PactMultiProviderTest.java). Note that if more than one provider fails verification for the same test, you will only receive a failure for one of them. Also, to have multiple tests in the same test class, the providers must be setup with random ports (i.e. don't specify a hostname and port). Also, if the provider name is left out of any of the annotations, the first one found will be used (which may not be the first one defined). ### Requiring the mock server to run with HTTPS [versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+] From versions 3.2.7/2.4.9+ the mock server can be started running with HTTPS using a self-signed certificate instead of HTTP. To enable this set the `https` parameter to `true`. E.g.: ```java @Rule public PactProviderRule mockTestProvider = new PactProviderRule("test_provider", "localhost", 8443, true, PactSpecVersion.V2, this); // ^^^^ ``` For an example test doing this, see [PactProviderHttpsTest](src/test/java/au/com/dius/pact/consumer/pactproviderrule/PactProviderHttpsTest.java). **NOTE:** The provider will start handling HTTPS requests using a self-signed certificate. Most HTTP clients will not accept connections to a self-signed server as the certificate is untrusted. You may need to enable insecure HTTPS with your client for this test to work. For an example of how to enable insecure HTTPS client connections with Apache Http Client, have a look at [InsecureHttpsRequest](src/test/java/org/apache/http/client/fluent/InsecureHttpsRequest.java). ### Requiring the mock server to run with HTTPS with a keystore [versions 3.4.1+] From versions 3.4.1+ the mock server can be started running with HTTPS using a keystore. To enable this set the `https` parameter to `true`, set the keystore path/file, and the keystore's password. E.g.: ```java @Rule public PactProviderRule mockTestProvider = new PactProviderRule("test_provider", "localhost", 8443, true, "/path/to/your/keystore.jks", "your-keystore-password", PactSpecVersion.V2, this); ``` For an example test doing this, see [PactProviderHttpsKeystoreTest](src/test/java/au/com/dius/pact/consumer/pactproviderrule/PactProviderHttpsKeystoreTest.java). ### Setting default expected request and response values [versions 3.5.10+] If you have a lot of tests that may share some values (like headers), you can setup default values that will be applied to all the expected requests and responses for the tests. To do this, you need to create a method that takes single parameter of the appropriate type (`PactDslRequestWithoutPath` or `PactDslResponse`) and annotate it with the default marker annotation (`@DefaultRequestValues` or `@DefaultResponseValues`). For example: ```java @DefaultRequestValues public void defaultRequestValues(PactDslRequestWithoutPath request) { Map<String, String> headers = new HashMap<String, String>(); headers.put("testreqheader", "testreqheadervalue"); request.headers(headers); } @DefaultResponseValues public void defaultResponseValues(PactDslResponse response) { Map<String, String> headers = new HashMap<String, String>(); headers.put("testresheader", "testresheadervalue"); response.headers(headers); } ``` For an example test that uses these, have a look at [PactProviderWithMultipleFragmentsTest](src/test/java/au/com/dius/pact/consumer/pactproviderrule/PactProviderWithMultipleFragmentsTest.java) ### Note on HTTP clients and persistent connections Some HTTP clients may keep the connection open, based on the live connections settings or if they use a connection cache. This could cause your tests to fail if the client you are testing lives longer than an individual test, as the mock server will be started and shutdown for each test. This will result in the HTTP client connection cache having invalid connections. For an example of this where the there was a failure for every second test, see [Issue #342](https://github.com/DiUS/pact-jvm/issues/342). ### Using the Pact DSL directly Sometimes it is not convenient to use the ConsumerPactTest as it only allows one test per test class. The DSL can be used directly in this case. Example: ```java import au.com.dius.pact.consumer.ConsumerPactBuilder; import au.com.dius.pact.consumer.PactVerificationResult; import au.com.dius.pact.consumer.exampleclients.ProviderClient; import au.com.dius.pact.model.MockProviderConfig; import au.com.dius.pact.model.RequestResponsePact; import org.junit.Test; import java.io.IOException; import java.util.HashMap; import java.util.Map; import static au.com.dius.pact.consumer.ConsumerPactRunnerKt.runConsumerTest; import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals; /** * Sometimes it is not convenient to use the ConsumerPactTest as it only allows one test per test class. * The DSL can be used directly in this case. */ public class DirectDSLConsumerPactTest { @Test public void testPact() { RequestResponsePact pact = ConsumerPactBuilder .consumer("Some Consumer") .hasPactWith("Some Provider") .uponReceiving("a request to say Hello") .path("/hello") .method("POST") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") .toPact(); MockProviderConfig config = MockProviderConfig.createDefault(); PactVerificationResult result = runConsumerTest(pact, config, (mockServer, context) -> { Map expectedResponse = new HashMap(); expectedResponse.put("hello", "harry"); try { assertEquals(new ProviderClient(mockServer.getUrl()).hello("{\"name\": \"harry\"}"), expectedResponse); } catch (IOException e) { throw new RuntimeException(e); } }); if (result instanceof PactVerificationResult.Error) { throw new RuntimeException(((PactVerificationResult.Error)result).getError()); } assertEquals(PactVerificationResult.Ok.INSTANCE, result); } } ``` ### The Pact JUnit DSL The DSL has the following pattern: ```java .consumer("Some Consumer") .hasPactWith("Some Provider") .given("a certain state on the provider") .uponReceiving("a request for something") .path("/hello") .method("POST") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") .uponReceiving("another request for something") .path("/hello") .method("POST") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") . . . .toPact() ``` You can define as many interactions as required. Each interaction starts with `uponReceiving` followed by `willRespondWith`. The test state setup with `given` is a mechanism to describe what the state of the provider should be in before the provider is verified. It is only recorded in the consumer tests and used by the provider verification tasks. ### Building JSON bodies with PactDslJsonBody DSL **NOTE:** If you are using Java 8, there is [an updated DSL for consumer tests](../pact-jvm-consumer-java8). The body method of the ConsumerPactBuilder can accept a PactDslJsonBody, which can construct a JSON body as well as define regex and type matchers. For example: ```java PactDslJsonBody body = new PactDslJsonBody() .stringType("name") .booleanType("happy") .hexValue("hexCode") .id() .ipAddress("localAddress") .numberValue("age", 100) .timestamp(); ``` #### DSL Matching methods The following matching methods are provided with the DSL. In most cases, they take an optional value parameter which will be used to generate example values (i.e. when returning a mock response). If no example value is given, a random one will be generated. | method | description | |--------|-------------| | string, stringValue | Match a string value (using string equality) | | number, numberValue | Match a number value (using Number.equals)\* | | booleanValue | Match a boolean value (using equality) | | stringType | Will match all Strings | | numberType | Will match all numbers\* | | integerType | Will match all numbers that are integers (both ints and longs)\* | | decimalType | Will match all real numbers (floating point and decimal)\* | | booleanType | Will match all boolean values (true and false) | | stringMatcher | Will match strings using the provided regular expression | | timestamp | Will match string containing timestamps. If a timestamp format is not given, will match an ISO timestamp format | | date | Will match string containing dates. If a date format is not given, will match an ISO date format | | time | Will match string containing times. If a time format is not given, will match an ISO time format | | ipAddress | Will match string containing IP4 formatted address. | | id | Will match all numbers by type | | hexValue | Will match all hexadecimal encoded strings | | uuid | Will match strings containing UUIDs | | includesStr | Will match strings containing the provided string | | equalsTo | Will match using equals | | matchUrl | Defines a matcher for URLs, given the base URL path and a sequence of path fragments. The path fragments could be strings or regular expression matchers | _\* Note:_ JSON only supports double precision floating point values. Depending on the language implementation, they may parsed as integer, floating point or decimal numbers. #### Ensuring all items in a list match an example (2.2.0+) Lots of the time you might not know the number of items that will be in a list, but you want to ensure that the list has a minimum or maximum size and that each item in the list matches a given example. You can do this with the `arrayLike`, `minArrayLike` and `maxArrayLike` functions. | function | description | |----------|-------------| | `eachLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example | | `maxArrayLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example and the list is no bigger than the provided max | | `minArrayLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example and the list is no smaller than the provided min | For example: ```java DslPart body = new PactDslJsonBody() .minArrayLike("users", 1) .id() .stringType("name") .closeObject() .closeArray(); ``` This will ensure that the users list is never empty and that each user has an identifier that is a number and a name that is a string. __Version 3.2.4/2.4.6+__ You can specify the number of example items to generate in the array. The default is 1. ```java DslPart body = new PactDslJsonBody() .minArrayLike("users", 1, 2) .id() .stringType("name") .closeObject() .closeArray(); ``` This will generate the example body with 2 items in the users list. #### Root level arrays that match all items (version 2.2.11+) If the root of the body is an array, you can create PactDslJsonArray classes with the following methods: | function | description | |----------|-------------| | `arrayEachLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example | | `arrayMinLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example and the list is no bigger than the provided max | | `arrayMaxLike` | Ensure that each item in the list matches the provided example and the list is no smaller than the provided min | For example: ```java PactDslJsonArray.arrayEachLike() .date("clearedDate", "mm/dd/yyyy", date) .stringType("status", "STATUS") .decimalType("amount", 100.0) .closeObject() ``` This will then match a body like: ```json [ { "clearedDate" : "07/22/2015", "status" : "C", "amount" : 15.0 }, { "clearedDate" : "07/22/2015", "status" : "C", "amount" : 15.0 }, { "clearedDate" : "07/22/2015", "status" : "C", "amount" : 15.0 } ] ``` __Version 3.2.4/2.4.6+__ You can specify the number of example items to generate in the array. The default is 1. #### Matching JSON values at the root (Version 3.2.2/2.4.3+) For cases where you are expecting basic JSON values (strings, numbers, booleans and null) at the root level of the body and need to use matchers, you can use the `PactDslJsonRootValue` class. It has all the DSL matching methods for basic values that you can use. For example: ```java .consumer("Some Consumer") .hasPactWith("Some Provider") .uponReceiving("a request for a basic JSON value") .path("/hello") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body(PactDslJsonRootValue.integerType()) ``` #### Matching any key in a map (3.3.1/2.5.0+) The DSL has been extended for cases where the keys in a map are IDs. For an example of this, see [#313](https://github.com/DiUS/pact-jvm/issues/313). In this case you can use the `eachKeyLike` method, which takes an example key as a parameter. For example: ```java DslPart body = new PactDslJsonBody() .object("one") .eachKeyLike("001", PactDslJsonRootValue.id(12345L)) // key like an id mapped to a matcher .closeObject() .object("two") .eachKeyLike("001-A") // key like an id where the value is matched by the following example .stringType("description", "Some Description") .closeObject() .closeObject() .object("three") .eachKeyMappedToAnArrayLike("001") // key like an id mapped to an array where each item is matched by the following example .id("someId", 23456L) .closeObject() .closeArray() .closeObject(); ``` For an example, have a look at [WildcardKeysTest](src/test/java/au/com/dius/pact/consumer/WildcardKeysTest.java). **NOTE:** The `eachKeyLike` method adds a `*` to the matching path, so the matching definition will be applied to all keys of the map if there is not a more specific matcher defined for a particular key. Having more than one `eachKeyLike` condition applied to a map will result in only one being applied when the pact is verified (probably the last). **Further Note: From version 3.5.22 onwards pacts with wildcards applied to map keys will require the Java system property "pact.matching.wildcard" set to value "true" when the pact file is verified.** #### Combining matching rules with AND/OR Matching rules can be combined with AND/OR. There are two methods available on the DSL for this. For example: ```java DslPart body = new PactDslJsonBody() .numberValue("valueA", 100) .and("valueB","AB", PM.includesStr("A"), PM.includesStr("B")) // Must match both matching rules .or("valueC", null, PM.date(), PM.nullValue()) // will match either a valid date or a null value ``` The `and` and `or` methods take a variable number of matchers (varargs). ### Matching on paths (version 2.1.5+) You can use regular expressions to match incoming requests. The DSL has a `matchPath` method for this. You can provide a real path as a second value to use when generating requests, and if you leave it out it will generate a random one from the regular expression. For example: ```java .given("test state") .uponReceiving("a test interaction") .matchPath("/transaction/[0-9]+") // or .matchPath("/transaction/[0-9]+", "/transaction/1234567890") .method("POST") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") ``` ### Matching on headers (version 2.2.2+) You can use regular expressions to match request and response headers. The DSL has a `matchHeader` method for this. You can provide an example header value to use when generating requests and responses, and if you leave it out it will generate a random one from the regular expression. For example: ```java .given("test state") .uponReceiving("a test interaction") .path("/hello") .method("POST") .matchHeader("testreqheader", "test.*value") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") .matchHeader("Location", ".*/hello/[0-9]+", "/hello/1234") ``` ### Matching on query parameters (version 3.3.7+) You can use regular expressions to match request query parameters. The DSL has a `matchQuery` method for this. You can provide an example value to use when generating requests, and if you leave it out it will generate a random one from the regular expression. For example: ```java .given("test state") .uponReceiving("a test interaction") .path("/hello") .method("POST") .matchQuery("a", "\\d+", "100") .matchQuery("b", "[A-Z]", "X") .body("{\"name\": \"harry\"}") .willRespondWith() .status(200) .body("{\"hello\": \"harry\"}") ``` ## Debugging pact failures When the test runs, Pact will start a mock provider that will listen for requests and match them against the expectations you setup in `createFragment`. If the request does not match, it will return a 500 error response. Each request received and the generated response is logged using [SLF4J](http://www.slf4j.org/). Just enable debug level logging for au.com.dius.pact.consumer.UnfilteredMockProvider. Most failures tend to be mismatched headers or bodies. ## Changing the directory pact files are written to (2.1.9+) By default, pact files are written to `target/pacts` (or `build/pacts` if you use Gradle), but this can be overwritten with the `pact.rootDir` system property. This property needs to be set on the test JVM as most build tools will fork a new JVM to run the tests. For Gradle, add this to your build.gradle: ```groovy test { systemProperties['pact.rootDir'] = "$buildDir/custom-pacts-directory" } ``` For maven, use the systemPropertyVariables configuration: ```xml <project> [...] <build> <plugins> <plugin> <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId> <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId> <version>2.18</version> <configuration> <systemPropertyVariables> <pact.rootDir>some/other/directory</pact.rootDir> <buildDirectory>${project.build.directory}</buildDirectory> [...] </systemPropertyVariables> </configuration> </plugin> </plugins> </build> [...] </project> ``` For SBT: ```scala fork in Test := true, javaOptions in Test := Seq("-Dpact.rootDir=some/other/directory") ``` ### Using `@PactFolder` annotation [3.6.2+] You can override the directory the pacts are written in a test by adding the `@PactFolder` annotation to the test class. ## Forcing pact files to be overwritten (3.6.5+) By default, when the pact file is written, it will be merged with any existing pact file. To force the file to be overwritten, set the Java system property `pact.writer.overwrite` to `true`. # Publishing your pact files to a pact broker If you use Gradle, you can use the [pact Gradle plugin](https://github.com/DiUS/pact-jvm/tree/master/pact-jvm-provider-gradle#publishing-pact-files-to-a-pact-broker) to publish your pact files. # Pact Specification V3 Version 3 of the pact specification changes the format of pact files in the following ways: * Query parameters are stored in a map form and are un-encoded (see [#66](https://github.com/DiUS/pact-jvm/issues/66) and [#97](https://github.com/DiUS/pact-jvm/issues/97) for information on what this can cause). * Introduces a new message pact format for testing interactions via a message queue. * Multiple provider states can be defined with data parameters. ## Generating V2 spec pact files (3.1.0+, 2.3.0+) To have your consumer tests generate V2 format pacts, you can set the specification version to V2. If you're using the `ConsumerPactTest` base class, you can override the `getSpecificationVersion` method. For example: ```java @Override protected PactSpecVersion getSpecificationVersion() { return PactSpecVersion.V2; } ``` If you are using the `PactProviderRuleMk2`, you can pass the version into the constructor for the rule. ```java @Rule public PactProviderRuleMk2 mockTestProvider = new PactProviderRuleMk2("test_provider", PactSpecVersion.V2, this); ``` ## Consumer test for a message consumer For testing a consumer of messages from a message queue, the `MessagePactProviderRule` rule class works in much the same way as the `PactProviderRule` class for Request-Response interactions, but will generate a V3 format message pact file. For an example, look at [ExampleMessageConsumerTest](https://github.com/DiUS/pact-jvm/blob/master/pact-jvm-consumer-junit%2Fsrc%2Ftest%2Fjava%2Fau%2Fcom%2Fdius%2Fpact%2Fconsumer%2Fv3%2FExampleMessageConsumerTest.java)
2019-04-21 13:12:10


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